Workers in America: A Historical Encyclopedia, Volume 1

Front Cover
ABC-CLIO, 2013 - Business & Economics - 920 pages

In 2001, Robert E. Weir's two-volume Historical Encyclopedia of American Labor was chosen as a New York Public Library Best in Reference selection. Weir recently revised this groundbreaking resource, resulting in content that is more accessible, comprehensive, and timely. The newest edition, Workers in America: A Historical Encyclopedia, features updated entries, recent court cases, a chronology of key events, an enriched index, and an extensive bibliography for additional research.

This expansive encyclopedia examines the complete panorama of America's work history, including the historical account of work and workers, the social inequities between the rich and poor, violence in the Labor Movement, and issues of globalization and industrial economics. Organized in two volumes and arranged in A-Z order, the 350 entries span key events, collective actions, pivotal figures, landmark legislation, and important concepts in the world of labor and work.

 

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Contents

Actors and Labor
1
Adair v The United States
3
Adamson Act
4
Affirmative Action
5
Agency Fee
7
Agent Provocateur
8
Agrarianism
10
Agricultural Labor Relations Act
13
Loewe v Lawlor
429
Longshoremen
431
Lordstown Strike
434
Los Angeles Times Bombing
437
Lowell Female Labor Reform Association
439
Ludlow Massacre
441
Lynn Shoe Strike of 1860
442
Volume 2
iii

Airline Strikes
14
Amalgamated Association of Iron Steel and Tin Workers
17
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America
18
American Federation of Government Employees
21
American Federation of Labor
25
American Federation of LaborCongress of Industrial Organizations
28
American Federation of State County and Municipal Employees
32
American Federation of Teachers
33
American Plan
35
American Railway Union
36
Anarchism
38
Anarchosyndicalism
40
Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902
42
A Philip Randolph Institute
43
Apprentice
44
ArbitrationConciliationMediation
45
Aristocrats of Labor
47
Artisan Labor
48
Asian American Labor
50
AssemblyLine Production
53
Association of Catholic Trade Unionists
55
Automation
57
Bacons Rebellion
61
Bagley Sarah
63
Barry Leonora Marie
65
Battle of Blair Mountain
67
Bellamy Edward
68
Bituminous Coal Strikes of 1974 and 19771978
70
Blacklist
71
Black Lung Disease and Strike
73
BlueCollar Labor
74
Boston Police Strike of 1919
76
Boulwarism
78
Boycott
79
Braceros
80
Brewery Workers
83
Bridges Harry
87
BridgestoneFirestone Strike 19941995
89
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers
90
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
93
Browder Earl Russell
94
Bucks Stove Range Co v American Federation of Labor et al
96
Bumping
98
Bureau of Labor Statistics
99
Business Agent
101
Business Roundtable
102
Business Unionism
105
Butchers
107
Capitalism
111
Carey James Barron
113
Caterpillar Strike
115
Centralia Massacre
117
Central Labor Union
118
Certification
119
Change to Win Federation
121
Chávez César Estrada
122
Checkoff
125
Child Labor
126
Chinese Exclusion Act
128
Civil Rights Movement and Labor
130
Civil War and Labor
133
Class Consciousness
135
Clayton Antitrust Act
137
Coalition of Labor Union Women
138
Coal Miners Strike of 1943
139
Coeur dAlene
141
Cold War and Labor
142
Collective Bargaining
145
Colonial Labor
146
Colorado Labor Wars
149
Colored National Labor Union
153
Columbine Mine Massacre
155
Commonwealth v Hunt
156
Communism and Unions
157
Company Town
161
Company Union
165
Comparable Worth
166
Computer Revolution and Organized Labor
168
Concessions
169
Congress of Industrial Organizations
171
Contingency Labor
174
Contract
175
Contract Labor
176
Cooperatives
177
Copper Miners and Strikes
179
Corporate Campaign
183
CostofLiving Adjustment
185
Counterculture and Labor
186
Cowboys
188
Coxeys Army
190
Craft Unionism
192
DavisBacon Act
195
Deadheading
196
Dead Time
197
Debs Eugene Victor
198
Decertification
200
Deindustrialization
202
DeLeon Daniel
203
Democratic Party and Labor
206
Department of Labor
209
DepressionEra Strikes
211
Deregulation
214
Detroit Newspaper Strike
216
Direct Action
219
Division of Labor
220
Dodge Revolutionary Union Movement
222
Downsizing
225
Downsizing Decertification and Concessions Strikes
226
Dual Unionism
229
Dues
230
EightHour Movement
233
Environment and Labor
236
Equal Pay Act of 1963
239
Erdman Act
240
Exceptionalism
242
Executive Orders
244
Fair Employment Practices Commission
247
Fair Labor Standards Act
249
Family Wage
251
FarmerLabor Alliances
252
Fasanella Ralph
255
FastTrack Legislation
257
Federal Emergency Relief Administration
258
Federal Society of Journeymen Cordwainers
260
Fieldcrest Settlement
261
Film and Labor
263
Flynn Elizabeth Gurley
267
Fordism
269
Foster Frank Keyes
270
Foster William Zebulon
272
Fraser Douglas Andrew
274
Free Labor
277
Fringe Benefits
278
Gastonia Strike
281
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
282
General Motors Sitdown Strike
285
General Motors Strike of 2007
288
General Strike
289
George Henry
291
Glass Ceiling
293
Globalization
295
Goldman Emma
298
Gompers Samuel
300
Goon
306
Grape Boycotts
309
Great Migration
310
Great Upheaval
313
Green William
315
Greenbackism
317
Grievance
320
Guaranteed Annual Wage
321
Hard Hat Riots
323
Haymarket Bombing
326
Haywood William Dudley
329
Herrin Massacre
331
Hill Joe
332
Hillman Sidney
336
Hoffa James Riddle
338
Homestead Steel Lockout and Strike
340
Homework
342
Hormel Strike and Lockout
344
Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees International Union
346
Huerta Dolores
347
Immigrants and Labor
349
Indentured Servant
353
Industrial Revolution
355
Industrial Time
359
Industrial Unionism
360
Industrial Workers of the World
362
Injunction
365
International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers
367
International Ladies Garment Workers Union
369
International Paper Strike
372
International Union
374
International Union of Electrical Radio and Machine Workers of America
375
International Union of Mine Mill and Smelter Workers
376
Jacksonian Era and Labor
379
Jones Mary Harris Mother
380
Journeyman
383
Jurisdiction
384
Kirkland Joseph Lane
387
Knights of Labor
389
Labor Colleges
393
Labor Day
396
Labor Federation
397
Labor Journalism
399
Labor Parties
402
Labor Theory of Value
406
La Follette Committee
407
La Follette Seamens Act
409
LandrumGriffin Act
410
Lassalleanism
412
Latino Labor
414
Lattimer Massacre
416
Lawrence Textile Strike
418
Lewis John Llewellyn
420
Little Steel Formula
424
Living Wage
425
Lochner v New York
426
Lockout
428
Machine Politics and Labor
445
Maintenance of Membership
447
Major League Baseball Players Association
448
Manifest Destiny and Work
450
Maquiladora
452
March on Washington 1963
454
Marxism and Labor
455
Masculinity and Labor
459
Master Craftsman
463
Matewan
464
May Day
466
McGuire Peter James
467
McKees Rock
468
McNeill George Edwin
470
Meany George
472
Merit Raise
475
MiddleClass Ideology
476
Military and the Working Class
481
Minimum Wage
485
Minority Labor
487
Mitchell John
490
Mohawk Valley Formula
492
Molly Maguires
494
Moore Michael Francis
495
Mullaney Kate
497
Muller v Oregon
499
Murray Philip
500
Music and Labor
503
National Association of Manufacturers
507
National Civic Federation
509
National Education Association
510
National Industrial Recovery Act
513
National Labor Relations Act
515
National Labor Relations Board v Yeshiva University
517
National Labor Union
519
National Trades Union
520
National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees Local 1199
521
World War I and World War II
523
Native Americans and Labor
525
Nativism and Labor
532
New Bedford Textile Strike
534
Newspaper Boys
537
New York City Teachers Strike
540
National Association of Working Women
541
Nonwage Labor
542
NorrisLaGuardia Act
545
North American Free Trade Agreement
546
NoStrike Pledge
548
Nussbaum Karen
549
Occupational Safety and Health Act 1970
551
Oil Workers
553
Open Shop
556
Operation Dixie
557
OReilly Leonora
558
OSullivan Mary Kenney
559
Outsourcing
561
Overtime
563
Owen Robert Owen Robert Dale
565
Papermakers
569
Parsons Albert Richard Parsons Lucy Eldine
571
Parttime Labor
573
Paternalism
575
Pattern Bargaining
577
Pensions
579
Perkins Frances Coralie
580
Pesotta Rose
582
Phelps Dodge Strike
584
Philadelphia Carpenters Strike 1791
587
Picketing
588
Piecework
590
Pinkertons
592
Pittston Coal Strike
593
Popular Front
596
Populism
599
Postal Workers and the Strike of 1970
602
Powderly Terence Vincent
606
Prevailing Wage
608
Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization Strike
610
Profit Sharing
612
Progressive Era and Labor
613
Prohibition and Labor
616
Protectionism
619
Protective Labor Legislation
621
Pullman StrikeLockout
624
Pure and Simple Unionism
626
Quality Circles
629
Quickie
630
Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act
631
Raiding
634
Railroad Strike of 1877
635
Railroad Strike of 1922
639
Railway Labor Act of 1926
641
Randolph Asa Philip
642
Rate Cutting
644
Ravenswood Lockout
645
Reagan Ronald and Labor
647
Reconstruction and Labor
651
Red Scare
654
Reeves v Sanderson Plumbing Products Inc
659
Republicanism
664
Republican Party and Labor
666
Rerum Novarum
672
Retail Workers
674
Reuther Walter
677
RighttoWork
680
Runaway CapitalShops
682
Sabotage
685
Salary
687
Scab
688
Schneiderman Rose
689
Second Great Awakening and Labor
691
Service Employees International Union
694
Service Industry
695
Shanker Albert
697
ShapeUp
699
Sherman Antitrust Act
700
Shop Steward
701
Sickout
702
SitDown Strikes
703
Skidmore Thomas
704
Slavery
705
Social Darwinism
708
Social Gospel
711
Socialism
714
Social Reform Unionism
718
Social Security Act
720
Solidarity
724
Southern Tenant Farmers Union
725
Southwest Railway Strikes of 18851886
727
Speedups
729
Staley Lockout
731
Steel Strike of 1919
733
Steel Strike of 19591960
735
Steward Ira
737
Stint
738
Strasser Adolph
739
Stretchout
741
Strike
742
Subcontracting
744
Sunset Industry
745
Sweatshop
746
Sweeney John Joseph
748
Sylvis William H
751
Sympathy Strike
753
TaftHartley Act
755
Tariffs and Labor
758
Taylorism
760
Teamsters
761
Terrorism and Labor
765
Tompkins Square Riot
767
Trade Union Unity League
769
Tresca Carlo
772
Triangle Factory Fire of 1911
774
Truman Harry and the Labor Movement
776
Trumka Richard Louis
779
Underemployment
781
Unemployment
783
Unfair Labor Practices
786
Union Local
788
Union of Needletrades Industrial and Textile Employees
789
Union Shop
791
United Auto Workers of America
792
United Auto Workers Strike of 19451946 General Motors
796
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners
799
United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers of America
802
United Farm Workers of America
804
United Food and Commercial Workers Union
808
United Mine Workers of America
809
United Packinghouse Workers of America
814
United Rubber Workers of America
816
United Steelworkers of America
818
Uprising of the 20000
821
Utopianism and American Labor
822
Verizon Strike of 2000
827
Vietnam War and Labor
829
Voluntarism
832
Wages
835
WalMart Campaign
836
War Labor Disputes Act SmithConnally Act
838
Welfare Capitalism
839
West Virginia Mine Wars 19191923
842
WhiteCollar Workers
844
Wildcat Strike
846
Winpisinger William Wayne
847
Wobbly
850
Workers Bill of Rights
852
Working Class
853
Workingmens Movement
858
Workmans Compensation
860
Work Sharing
862
WorktoRule
863
Writers and Organized Labor
865
Wurf Jerome
867
Yablonski Joseph A
871
YellowDog Contract
872
Yeoman
873
Chronology
877
Index
883
About the Author
921
Copyright

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About the author (2013)

Robert E. Weir, PhD, is visiting professor at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He is coeditor of Greenwood's Class in America: An Encyclopedia.

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