Persistent Disparity: Race and Economic Inequality in the United States Since 1945
'. . . the authors raise serious questions that often are not dealt with much in the mainstream economics literature. . . . Persistent Disparity is an interesting book with a provocative thesis that challenges conventional thinking. . .' – John Lunn, Faith and Economics 'Darity and Myers provide a trenchant analysis of recent trends in US black-white income differences. The book provides useful counterweight to and pointed critique of a recent spate of economic articles arguing that income convergence is occurring and that remaining racial differences are due to differential skill attainment.' – J.P. Jacobsen, Choice Persistent Disparity provides a comprehensive examination of the magnitude and scope of racial economic disparity in the United States. The authors directly assess the extent of black economic progress in the US since World War II and address the controversy of whether the racial income gap is closing or widening as America approaches the 21st century. Darity and Myers explicitly make the connection between what the theory of racial inequality espouses and corresponding policy recommendations for remedying such disparity such as affirmative action and reparations. The authors challenge the cultural–genetic explanation and advance a new theoretical explanation that incorporates a more expansive characterization of the nature and role of discrimination. They also conclude that conventional anti-discrimination efforts are unlikely to be sufficient to close the gap. This book will be essential reading for anyone interested in US social and economic history, political economy, African-American studies, and public policy.
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General inequality in American society and the widening of the
Inequality and the widening gap between the races
Education and earnings inequality among family heads
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affirmative action African Americans average better educated black and white black family heads black female black males black-white earnings Black-white family income Black-white ratio capita income CD CD CD Census college graduates computations Current Population Survey decline discrimination disparity earnings equation earnings ratio economic inequality effect employment equal opportunity estimates explanation family structure female family headship female headship female-headed families fifth Figure force participation rates gap between blacks headed by females heads of families high-school drop-outs human capital impact income distribution increase intraracial inequality labour force participation labour market LFPR March Supplement Tapes median non-earners older percentage policies Positive earner quintile race race-based remedies racial earnings gaps racial inequality ratio of black-white reparations returns to education returns to skills salary earnings salary incomes selection bias Smith and Welch trends uneducated heads wage and salary wealth white family heads white males widening gap workers