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alignment archaeological remains armies Blue Licks Boone Brown county Bryant's Station Filson buffalo and Indian buffalo roads buffalo traces Bureau of Ethnol Caldwell county Catalogue of Prehistoric Central West continent course Creek cross Cumberland Gap early evidence Explorations of Kentucky feeding-ground feet Filson Club Pub followed forests game animals Grave Creek mound herd of buffaloes high ground highways of America hill Indian Road Indian thoroughfares Indian trails instances Kanawha Kentucky Filson Club known later Indians Lexington Licking County Miami Middle Island Creek miles Mississippi river mound-building Indians mounds north and south Ohio basin Ohio river oughfares Oxford township Pennsylvania Pike county pioneer roads Pittsburg population Prehistoric Works East race railway region roadway Rocky Mountains Ross county routes of travel smaller streams Station Filson Club tion Tozzer Library tunnel Twelfth Annual Report Union county valley Walker watersheds westward Wiscon Wisconsin
Page 120 - Early in the morning we went to the great Lick, where those bones are only found, about four miles from the river, on the south-east side. In our way we passed through a fine timbered clear wood; we came into a large road which the Buffaloes have beaten, spacious enough for two wagons to go abreast, and leading straight into the Lick.
Page 132 - I found places where they had leaped down bare ledges three or four feet in height with nothing but ledges of rocks for a landing-place ; sometimes, too, through passages between high rocks but little wider than the thickness of their own bodies, with also a continuous precipitous descent for many feet below. Nothing in their history ever surprised me more than this revelation of their expertness and fearlessness in climbing.§...
Page 74 - ... necessarily broken up, at an early period, into an infinity of insignificant tribes that could hold little or no communication with each other, and that, consequently, very soon sunk irrecoverably beneath the level of the rest * My talented townsman, John Gait, Esq., has informed me that he has seen the remains of an Indian fort on the summit of a precipitous ridge near Lake Simcoe in Upper Canada. It consisted of a mound of earth, enclosing a considerable extent of ground ; but on the banks...
Page 13 - For if there is any motion in society, the Road, which is the symbol of motion, will indicate the fact. When there is activity, or enlargement, or a liberalizing spirit of any kind, then there is intercourse and travel, and these require roads.
Page 111 - I went up to the top, to look for a Pass, but found it so Rocky that I concluded not to Attempt it there. This Ridge may be known by Sight, at a distance. To the Eastward are many small Mountains, and a Buffaloe Road between them and the Ridge. The growth is Pine on the top and the Rocks look white at a distance. we went Seven miles this day. 4th. We kept under the Rocky Ridge crossing several small Branches to the head of 45 Holly Creek.
Page 82 - In a host of instances our highways and railroads follow for many miles the general line of the routes of the buffalo and Indian on the high ground. This is particularly true of our roads of secondary importance, county roads, which in hundreds of instances follow the alignment of a pioneer road which was laid out on an Indian trail.
Page 13 - When there is activity or enlargement, or a liberalizing spirit of any kind, then there is intercourse and travel, and these require roads. So if there is any kind of advancement going on, if new ideas are abroad and new hopes rising, then you will see it by the roads that are building. Noth1ng makes an inroad without making a road. All creative action, whether in government, industry, thought or religion, creates roads.
Page 109 - Late in the summer of 1867 a herd of probably four thousand buffaloes attempted to cross the South Platte near Plum Creek. The river was rapidly subsiding, being nowhere over a foot or two in depth, and the channels in the bed were filled or filling with loose quicksand. The buffaloes in front were hopelessly stuck. Those immediately behind, urged on by the horns and pressure of those yet further in the rear, trampled over their struggling companions to be themselves engulfed in the devouring sand....
Page 20 - Yet it did/ and the tripod of the white man has proved it, and human intercourse will move constantly on paths first marked by the Buffalo. It is interesting that he found the strategic passageways through the mountains; it is also interesting that the Buffalo marked out the most practical paths between the heads of our rivers, paths that are closely followed today by the Pennsylvania, Baltimore and Ohio, Chesapeake and Ohio, Cleveland, Terminal and Valley, Wabash, and other great railroads.