Sacred Complex in Orissa: Study of Three Major Aspects of the Sacred Complex
The Scared Complex of Orissa has had its origin and development, since time immemorial. Its evolution is traced back to different ancient dynasties. Later, it flourished under the partronage of the rulers of Solar dynasty and Gajapati Rajas of Orissa. As Puri has become the most important pilgrim centre, many Sadhus and Sanyasis visit it and have their own places of abode which have been developed into monasteries. With the growing ramification and elaboration in ritual services at the Jagannath Temple many ritual functionaries are appointed to serve Lord Jagannath. Thus, Puri has grown into a centre of Sacred Complex with its sacred institutions spread in its hinterland. In fact, the Scared Complex comprises the following: 1. Sacred Geography of Puri, 2. Gajapati Rajas and Lord Jagannath Temple, 3. Ritual functionaries 4. Monastic Order, 5. Brahmin Sasan Villages 6. Minor Rulers of Feudatory States, 7. Pilgrims, Public and Government. These aspects are closely related and dislocation in any of the them has severe repercussions throughout the whole nexus. This study of the Sacred Complex highlights the changes which have taken place in recent times and further, this study has implications for broader enquiries into some of the processes of secularization of modern Hinduism.
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Location of Puri Population Sacred Geography
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Adhikari administrative Akhada amount Angila appointed ascetics ashram Bada Badadanda Badu Bali Sahi Bharans Bhog Birakishore Dev Brahmin Caitanya called cash categories of Sebakas ceremony cloth committee consecrated food cooked courtyard darsan deities disciples donated duties festival Gajapati Raja Goudiya Goudwamadhva Government headquarters income Jagannath Ballava Jagannath Temple jegaghar Jogania Karana Khei Khuntia Khurda kitchen Krishna landed properties Lord Jagannath Madhva Mahanta Mahapatra Mahaprasad Maharana Mahasuar Math Matha Matha Ramanandi Mekapa monastery Mukunda Dev Naik Nijoga Nimbarka offered Orissa paddy palace Panda Pandits Parichha Patra payment perform persons pilgrims Pindika pots Pratihari Sebaka Puja Pujapanda Purchhas Puri district Puri town Purusottam Puspalaka Raja of Puri Rajangila Ram Chandra Dev Ramanuja religious revenue rice ritual functionaries ritual services rural centres sadhus Sampradaya Sebapuja sect secular Shri Jagannath staff Suars Supakar supply tanks Tigiria tradition Vaishnavas Vishnu Vishnuswami Visistadwita worship