Building for War: The Epic Saga of the Civilian Contractors and Marines of Wake Island in World War II

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Casemate, Dec 7, 2012 - History - 400 pages
This intimately researched work tells the story of the thousand-plus Depression-era civilian contractors who came to Wake Island, a remote Pacific atoll, in 1941 to build an air station for the U.S. Navy. Author Gilbert charts the contractors' hard-won progress as they scramble to build the naval base as well as runways for U.S. Army Air Corps B-17 Flying Fortresses while war clouds gather over the Pacific. Five hours after their attack on Pearl Harbor, the Japanese struck Wake Island, which was now isolated from assistance. The undermanned Marine Corps garrison, augmented by civilian-contractor volunteers, fought back against repeated enemy attacks, at one point thwarting a massive landing assault. The atoll was under siege for two weeks as its defenders continued to hope for the U.S. Navy to come to their rescue. Finally succumbing to an overwhelming amphibious attack, the surviving Americans, military and civilian, were taken prisoner. While most were shipped off to Japanese POW camps for slave labor, a number of the civilians were retained as workers on occupied Wake. Later in the war the last ninety-eight Americans were brutally massacred by their captors. The civilian contractors who had risked distance and danger for well-paying jobs ended up paying a steep price: their freedom and, for many, their lives. Written by the daughter and granddaughter of civilians who served on Wake Island, Building for War sheds new light on why the United States was taken by surprise in December 1941 and shines a spotlight on the little-known, virtually forgotten story of a group of civilian workers and their families whose lives were forever changed by the events on the tiny atoll that is Wake. Bonita Gilbert has an MA in history from the University of Oregon and teaches history at North Idaho College. Bonnie and her husband live in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
PLANS AND PREPARATIONS
7
1 One Big Ocean
9
2 Opportunity Knocks
25
3 Honolulu Hotbed
39
4 Pioneer Party
54
BUILDING THE BASE
79
5 Second Gear
81
9 Shattered Illusions
185
10 Shock Waves
208
11 Fear Itself
239
12 Hope
265
13 Attrition
287
Postwar Wake Island
310
The Civilian Contractors
315
Notes
319

6 High Center
108
7 Baiting the Hook
135
8 Rush Hour
161
WAR
183

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About the author (2012)

Bonita Gilbert has an MA in history from the University of Oregon and teaches history at North Idaho College. Bonnie and her husband live in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho.

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