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Page 8 - ... largest portions to those who have never worked at all, the next largest to those whose work is almost nominal, and...
Page 187 - Political, therefore, or civil liberty, which is that of a member of society, is no other than natural liberty so far restrained by human laws (and no farther) as is necessary and expedient for the general advantage of the public.
Page 192 - A body of nobility is also more peculiarly necessary in our mixed and compounded constitution, in order to support the rights of both the crown and the people, by forming a barrier to withstand the encroachments of both.
Page 191 - And these may be reduced to three principal or primary articles; the right of personal security, the right of personal liberty and the right of private property...
Page 185 - But every man, when he enters into society, gives up a part of his natural liberty, as the price of so valuable a purchase ; and in consideration of receiving the advantages of mutual commerce, obliges himself to conform to those laws, which the community has thought proper to establish.
Page 187 - And this species of legal obedience and conformity is infinitely more desirable than that wild and savage liberty which is sacrificed to obtain it. For no man, that considers a moment, would wish to retain the absolute and uncontrolled power of doing whatever he pleases ; the consequence of which is, that every other man would also have the same power, and then there would be no security to individuals in any of the enjoyments of life.
Page 191 - ... vested in them by the immutable laws of nature; but which could not be preserved in peace without that mutual assistance and intercourse, which is gained by the institution of friendly and social communities. Hence it follows that the first and primary end of human laws is to maintain and regulate these absolute rights of individuals. Such rights as are social and relative result from, and are posterior to, the formation of States and societies ; so that to maintain and regulate these is clearly...
Page 151 - Act only on that maxim whereby thou canst at the same time will that it should become a universal law.
Page 8 - ... as the work grows harder and more disagreeable, until the most fatiguing and exhausting bodily labour cannot count with certainty on being able to earn even the necessaries of life; if this, or Communism, were the alternative, all the difficulties, great or small, of Communism, would be but as dust in the balance.