Nomadic Desert Birds: With 32 Tables
My interest in the behaviour and movements of birds of arid and semi-arid ecosystems began when my wife, Sue Milton, and I were Roy Siegfried, Director, at that time, of the Percy approached by Prof. FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology, to set up a project to investigate granivory in the South African Karoo. Sue and I spent some time finding a suitable study site, setting up accommodations and an automatic weather station at Tierberg, in the southern Karoo near the village of Prince Albert, and planning projects. Among our first projects was a transect where we noted plant phe nology, measured seed densities on the soil surface, counted birds, observed ant activity, measured soil surface temperatures and col lected whatever climate data we could at 40 sites along a 200-km oval route. Along the way, we became interested in the marked presence and absence of birds at certain sites - abundant birds one day, and very few birds at the same site a month later. Subsequent counts along fixed transects through shrublands confirmed that a number of bird species were highly nomadic over short and long distances, locally and regionally, leading to speculation on how widespread these movements were in the arid ecosystems of the world.
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11 Arid and SemiArid Regions
Migrations and Movements of Desert Birds
22 Migrants in Arid Ecosystems
23 Residents in Arid Ecosystems
231 How Sedentary AreResident Birds?
42 Densities of Nomadic Birds
Food and Foraging
52 Foraging Behaviour
Reproduction and Moult
61 Nest Sites in Nomadic Birds
611 Nest Site Selection in Wattled Starlings Creatophora cinerea a Nomadic Insectivore
The Nomadic Avifauna
32 Predictability of Movements by Nonmigratory Birds in Arid Ecosystems
321 Southern Africa
322 North Africa
324 North America
325 South America
33 Phylogeny of Nomadic Birds
Habitats and Densities of Nomadic Birds
411 Patchiness in Time and Space
612 Nest Construction and the Importance of Nest Materials as Indicators of Resources for Breeding
62 Breeding Seasons
63 Clutch Sizes and Nestling Periods in Arid and SemiArid South Africa
65 Breeding Success
The Conservation of Nomadic Desert Birds
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abundant Alaudidae areas Argentina arid and semi-arid arid Australia arid ecosystems arid zones Asian deserts Atacama Desert avian avifauna birds in arid birds/km2 breeding migrants breeding season Chihuahuan Desert clutch Cold Asian Dean and Milton density desert birds deserts and semi-deserts Falco feeding Finch flocks foraging granivorous grass grassland Grey-backed Sparrowlark habitats Honeyeater insects Kite Lark-like Buntings locally nomadic locusts Maclean Marone mesic migratory Monte Desert moult move movements by birds Namaqua Sandgrouse Namib Desert nest sites nomadic bird species nomadic species non-breeding Northern number of species numbers of birds occur Patagonia patches plant predators Quelea quelea rain Raitt raptors Red-billed Queleas regions reporting rate resident species Rosy Starling Rowley Sahara Sahel savanna Sclater's Lark sedentary seed semi-arid ecosystems shrublands significantly South Africa southern Africa southern Karoo Sparrow Stark's Lark Table Tawny Eagle Tierberg trees variability vegetation Warm Asian Wattled Starling Western Australia winter woodland
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