Slavery and the Domestic Slave-trade in the United States

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Light and Stearns, 1836 - Slave-trade - 201 pages
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Page 140 - ... wall. One side of this yard was roofed, but the principal part was open to the air. Along the covered side extended a table, at which the slaves had recently taken their dinner, which, judging from what remained, had been wholesome and abundant. In this yard, only the men and boys were confined. The gate was secured by strong padlocks and bolts; but before entering we had a full view of the yard, and everything in it, through the grated door. The slaves, fifty or sixty in number, were standing...
Page 145 - ... every indulgence is shown to them, which is consistent with their security, and their good appearance in the market. It is true that they are often chained at night, while at the depot at Alexandria, lest they should overpower their masters, as not more than three or four white men frequently have charge of a hundred and fifty slaves. Upon their march, also, they are usually chained together in pairs, to prevent their escape; and sometimes, when greater precaution is judged necessary, they are...
Page 24 - M. of this city, who has studied attentively the character of these two classes of laborers, says that an Irish Catholic seldom attempts to rise to a higher condition than that in which he is placed, while the negro often makes the attempt with success.
Page 164 - Virginia, p. i11, for instances of indictments of Friends for unlawfully assembling slaves. " MS. Minutes of Goose Creek Monthly Meeting, 1785-1818, p. 534. ™ In 1835 Professor EA Andrews wrote a letter from Fredericksburg saying that the " religious instruction [of the free negroes] has fallen, in a great measure into the hands of the Baptists, as in Baltimore it is conducted by the Methodists" (Slavery and the Domestic Slave Trade in the United States, p.
Page 37 - ... is presented to the people of the north, and it is no wonder that southern masters, who know how wide from truth this representation is, are not particularly ready to listen to the counsel of those, whom they perceive to be so ill-informed upon the subject. Wanton cruelty may be too often practiced by masters, as it is by many parents ; but this, which is but an occasional incident of slavery, should not be exhibited as the prominent evil. This may be removed by the influence of humane feelings,...
Page 75 - ... underlined the significance of the intent. If slaves and blacks were still found in many of the better crafts in 1860, they had been pushed out of many of the lesser-skilled jobs. In Baltimore whites took the carting and draying business from them by 1830. A few years later, a visitor could report that "the Irish and other foreigners are, to a considerable extent, taking the place of colored laborers and of domestic servants.
Page 152 - Annfield has acquired the confidence of all the neighboring country, by his resolute efforts to prevent kidnapping, and by his honorable mode of dealing. Nothing, however, can reconcile the moral sense of the southern public to the character of a trader in slaves. However honorable may be his dealings, his employment is accounted infamous. He can hold no rank in society, nor can he, by any means, push his family into favorable notice with persons of respectability. The sale of slaves, also, is said...
Page 167 - Interstate traders often found young children "an encumbrance." A visit among a boatload of slaves headed for the Deep South convinced the former school teacher that "frequently . . . they sell the mother while they keep her children." Andrews told of one Virginia trader accused of "sending off a number of mothers without their little children, whom he had purchased with them. He had separated them, because the children were of no value in the market to which the mothers were sent.
Page 149 - N assures me he never separates families ; but that in purchasing them he is often compelled to do so, for that his business is to purchase, and he must take such as are in the market. Do you often buy the wife without the husband ? Yes, very often ; and frequently, too, they sell me the mother, while they keep the children.
Page 99 - Letter XV. Washington, July 21, 1835. The real sentiments and feelings of the negroes, in respect to their situation, it is very difficult for any white person to ascertain, and for a stranger, it is nearly impossible. They regard the white man as of a different race from themselves, and as having views, feelings and interests which prevent his sympathizing fully with theirs. Distrust, even of their real friends, is no unnatural consequence of the relation which they and their ancestors have so long...

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