Early Buddhist Transmission and Trade Networks: Mobility and Exchange Within and Beyond the Northwestern Borderlands of South Asia
This exploration of early paths for Buddhist transmission within and beyond South Asia retraces the footsteps of monks, merchants, and other agents of cross-cultural exchange. A reassessment of literary, epigraphic, and archaeological sources reveals hisorical contexts for the growth of the Buddhist sa gha from approximately the 5th century BCE to the end of the first millennium CE. Patterns of dynamic Buddhist mobility were closely linked to transregional trade networks extending to the northwestern borderlands and joined to Central Asian silk routes by capillary routes through transit zones in the upper Indus and Tarim Basin. By examining material conditions for Buddhist establishments at nodes along these routes, this book challenges models of gradual diffusion and develops alternative explanations for successful Buddhist movement.
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Road Map for Travelers
Chapter Two Historical Contexts for the Emergence and Transmission of Buddhism within South Asia
Chapter Three Trade Networks in Ancient South Asia
Chapter Four Old Roads in the Northwestern Borderlands
Chapter Five Capillary Routes of the Upper Indus
Afghanistan ancient Apraca archaeological Asian Aśoka avadāna Bactria Brāhmī Brāhmī inscriptions Buddha Buddhist literary Buddhist transmission Candragupta capillary routes Central Asia century BCE chapter Chilas China Chinese chronology coins cultural dated Delhi Dharma dhist donations donors dynasty early eastern Central economic epigraphic excavations exchanges Falk Foucher Fussman Gandhāra Gāndhārī Gilgit Greek Gupta Hellenistic Hephthalites Hinüber images India Indian subcontinent Indo-Greek Indus River institutions Iranian Jettmar Kaniska Kashmir Kharosthī inscriptions Khotan King Ksatrapas Kusāna Lamotte located long-distance trade Mahābhārata Mahāyāna manuscripts Mathura Mauryan merchants monastic monks networks nodes northern Pakistan northwestern Pakistan Pāli Palola Sāhis patronage period petroglyphs references region relics religious Rock Edicts rulers Śaka Sakas Salomon sangha Sanskrit Sātavāhanas Schopen Shatial shrines silk routes Sircar Sogdian sources South Asia Southern Route Studies stūpas stūpas and monasteries Swat Tarim Basin Taxila texts Thapar Tibetan tion traditions translated travelers Ujjayinī upper Indus Uttarāpatha Vākātakas valley western Yuezhi Zürcher