Self-theories: Their Role in Motivation, Personality, and Development

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Psychology Press, Dec 16, 2013 - Psychology - 212 pages
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This innovative text sheds light on how people work -- why they sometimes function well and, at other times, behave in ways that are self-defeating or destructive. The author presents her groundbreaking research on adaptive and maladaptive cognitive-motivational patterns and shows:

* How these patterns originate in people's self-theories
* Their consequences for the person -- for achievement, social relationships, and emotional well-being
* Their consequences for society, from issues of human potential to stereotyping and intergroup relations
* The experiences that create them


This outstanding text is a must-read for researchers in social psychology, child development, and education, and is appropriate for both graduate and senior undergraduate students in these areas.

 

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Contents

About the Author
Preface
Introduction
What Promotes Adaptive Motivation? Four Beliefs and Four Truths About Ability Success Praise and Confidence
Helpless and MasteryOriented Responses
Looking Smart Versus Learning
Is Intelligence Fixed or Changeable? Students Theories About Their Intelligence Foster Their Achievement Coals
Theories of Intelligence Predict and Create Differences in Achievement
Another Effect of Implicit Theories
Belief in the Potential to Change
Holding and Forming Stereotypes
How Does It All Begin? Young Childrens Theories About Goodness and Badness
The Origins of Vulnerability
More Praise that Backfires
Misconceptions About SelfEsteem and About How to Foster
Theoretical Reflections

Theories of Intelligence Create High and Low Effort
Implicit Theories and Goals Predict SelfEsteem Loss and Depressive Reactions to Negative Events
Why Confidence and Success Are Not Enough
What is IQ and Does It Matter?
Impact on Social Coping
Final Thoughts on Controversial Issues
References
Measures of Implicit Theories Confidence and Goals
Index
Copyright

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About the author (2013)

Carol S. Dweck is Professor of Psychology at Columbia University. She is a leader in the fields of motivation, personality and developmental psychology, and her research contributions have been widely recognized. Her previous books include Personal Politics (with Ellen Langer) and Motivation and Self-Regulation Across the Life-Span (co-edited with Jutta Heckhausen).

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