Ecophysiology of Amphibians Inhabiting Xeric Environments
Scarcity of water has brought about a number of structural, behavioural, physiological and ecological adaptations in amphibians inhabiting seasonally xeric habitats.
This book describes structural and functional adaptations of key organs such as skin, kidneys, bladder, lungs and ovaries. Behavioural responses to high temperatures mainly involve thermoregulation and the selection of optimal temperatures and humidity. Special emphasis is placed on physiological adaptations: water, electrolyte, nitrogen, and thermal balance and their endocrine control are treated in detail. Development and metamorphosis, larval competition for food resources, and reproductive strategies are only a few of the exciting topics in the chapter on ecological aspects.
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Structural and Functional Adaptations of Key Organs
Receptors Perception and Behavioural Responses
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adaptation adspersus adult Alvarado Ambystoma tigrinum amphibian species amphibians amphibians inhabiting xeric anurans aquatic arid Balinsky Barbault behaviour Bentley PJ Bragg breeding Bufo arenarum Bufo boreas Bufo marinus Bufo viridis Bufonidae bufonids Burrows Chiromantis Cloudsley-Thompson cognatus Comp Biochem Physiol Cyclorana Degani G dehydration Desert ecological effect eggs epidermis excretion female flask cell Fossorial frogs habitats Heleioporus hormones Hyla arborea hylids Hyperolius viridiflavus increased infraimmaculata inhabiting xeric environments juvenile kidney larvae layers leptodactylids Lewinson Limnodynastes Litoria caerulea Loveridge Main and Bentley McClanahan 1975 metamorphic climax metamorphosis Neobatrachus nitrogen osmolality Pelobates syriacus pelobatids plasma pond population post-metamorphic Rana reproductive salamanders Salamandra salamandra sauvagei Scaphiopus Scaphiopus couchi season semi-arid Semlitsch Shoemaker and McClanahan skin sodium Stiffler stratum corneum surface survival tadpoles talpoideum temperature terrestrial toad Bufo Triturus vittatus Tyler urea urinary bladder urodeles vasotocin Warburg water loss water uptake xeric xeric habitats Zool