Fowls; a treatise on the principal breeds. With which is repr. the 3rd ed. of The Dorking fowl

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1860
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Page 79 - ... are administered morning and evening, being dipped in milk or pot liquor, to make them go down " slick" and easy. Mr. Bailey's description of cramming is as follows: "The fowl is placed in the lap, the head is held up, and the beak being held open with the thumb and finger, a cram is introduced into the gullet; the beak is then closed, and the cram is gently assisted down, till it reaches the crop. Care must be taken not to pinch the throat, as ulceration would follow, and the fowl would be spoiled.
Page 74 - ... the position of perching ; the sides, back, and top may be made the same, or the back may be solid." Some writers think it better to make half of the floor a little inclined, and to cover it with a board. Troughs for feed and water should be fastened around the edge of the coop, and the whole placed...
Page 17 - ... thing that has hardened in the crop ; pour plenty of warm water " down the throat, and loosen the food till it is soft ; then give a " tablespoonful of castor-oil, or about as much jalap as will lie on " a ten-cent piece, mixed in butter ; make a pill of it and slide it " into the crop ; the fowl will be well in the morning. " Cayenne pepper or chalk, or both mixed with meal, are con" venient and good remedies for scouring.
Page 19 - ... spotted with white, then patched, and then quite white; while the latter had not only lost the characteristics of the breed from which they descended, but were weak and deformed in every possible way. The introduction of fresh blood prevents all this ; and the breeder for prizes, or whoever wishes to have the best of the sort he keeps, should never let a fowl escape him if it possesses the qualities he seeks. Such are not always to be had when wanted, and the best strains we have, of every sort,...
Page 14 - The disease may be caused, first, by cold, damp weather and " easterly winds, when fowls of weakly habit and bad constitution " will often sicken, but healthy, strong birds will not. Again, if " by any accidental cause they are long without food and water, "and then have an unlimited quantity of drink and whole corn " given to them, they gorge themselves, and ill-health is the con" sequence ; but confinement is the chief cause, and above all, "being shut up in tainted coops.
Page 14 - ... condition causes him to be let out ; but he has become roupy, " and the whole yard suffers. I dwell at length on this, because "of all disorders it is the worst, and because, although a cure may "seem to be effected, yet at moulting, or any time when out of " condition, the fowl will be more or less affected with it again. " One thing is here deserving of notice. The result of the atten" tion paid to poultry .of late years has been to improve the health "and constitution of the birds.
Page 67 - ... be to acknowledge the fact, it is not the less true that most old women who live in cottages know better how to rear chickens than any other persons ; they are more successful, and it may be traced to the fact, that they keep but few fowls, that these fowls are allowed to run freely in the house, to roll in the ashes, to approach the fire, and to pick up any crumbs or eatable morsels they find on the ground, and are nursed with the greatest care and indulgence.
Page 13 - Very close ob" servation and experience have taught me the first premonitory " symptom is a peculiar breathing. The fowl appears in perfect " health for the time, but it will be seen that the skin hanging " from the lower beak, and to which the wattle is attached, is " inflated and emptied at every breath — such a bird should always " be removed. " The disease may be caused, first, by cold, damp weather and " easterly winds, when fowls of weakly habit and bad constitution "will often sicken, but...
Page 8 - Poultry prefer to pick their food off the ground. " No plan," says Mr. Baily, "is so extravagant or so injurious as to throw down heaps once or twice per day. They should have it scattered as far and wide as possible, that the birds may be long and healthily employed in finding it, and may not accomplish in a few minutes that which should occupy them for hours. For this reason every sort of feeder or hopper is bad. It is the nature of fowls to take a grain at a time, and to pick grass and dirt with...
Page 45 - Feathered-legged Bantams," says Mr. Baily, " may be of any colour ; the old-fashioned birds were very small, falcon-hocked, and feathered, with long quill feathers to the extremity of the toe. Many of them were bearded. They are now very scarce ; indeed, till exhibitions brought them again into notice, these beautiful specimens of their tribe were all neglected and fast passing away. Nothing but the Sebright was cultivated ; but now we bid fair to revive the pets of our ancestors in all their beauty.

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