The UK's foreign policy approach to Afghanistan and Pakistan: fourth report of session 2010-11, Vol. 1: Report, together with formal minutes, oral and written evidence
The Stationery Office, Mar 2, 2011 - Political Science - 260 pages
In this report the Foreign Affairs Committee calls on the British Government to use its influence to persuade the US to engage more fully, and swiftly, with the process of political reconciliation in Afghanistan if the US wishes to disengage its forces there. Although the current international emphasis favours intense military pressure, aimed at defeating the insurgency, it is clear that military pressure alone is not enough to bring security and stability to Afghanistan. The evidence presented to the Committee has suggested that the current full-scale and highly-intensive ISAF counter-insurgency campaign is not succeeding. The Committee question the fundamental assumption that success in Afghanistan can be 'bought' through a strategy of 'clear, hold and build'. The distinction between al-Qaeda and the Taliban is crucial to generating appropriate policy responses in Afghanistan. The Committee says that despite the significant resources that have been invested in Afghanistan, and the enduring, wholehearted and admirable commitment and sacrifices of British personnel, the UK has not yet achieved its stated goals. There is also evidence that the core foreign policy justification for the UK's continued presence in Afghanistan, namely that it is necessary in the interests of UK national security, may have been achieved some time ago, given the apparently limited strength of al-Qaeda in Afghanistan. The security rationale behind the UK Government's decision to announce the 2015 deadline for the unconditional withdrawal of UK combat forces remains unclear and there are a number of potential risks inherent in such an approach.
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A SNAPSHOT OF THE CURRENT SITUATION IN AFGHANISTAN
The extent of Pakistans support for the counterinsurgency campaign
creating the conditions for withdrawal?
Prospects for a political settlement?
ASSESSING THE UKS FOREIGN POLICY APPROACH
Assessing the suitability of the UKs mission and goals
Communicating the case effectively?
Learning lessons for the future
achieve Afghan Government Afghan National Army Afghan National Security Afghan Taliban Afghanistan Afghanistan and Pakistan al-Qaeda Andrew Rosindell Ann Clwyd areas army attacks Bob Ainsworth border British campaign co-operation coalition combat commitment Committee conflict corruption counter-insurgency deadline Defence DFID Durand Line efforts engagement ensure Foreign Secretary funding Gerard Russell going Government's groups Hague Helmand Hilary Synnott human rights important improve increase India insurgency international community ISAF Islamabad issue James Fergusson Jolyon Leslie Kabul Karen Pierce Kashmir Lashkar Gah leadership Matt Waldman Michael Semple Mike Gapes million National Security Forces negotiations Obama October Office operations Pakistani military Paragraph partners Pashtuns peace political settlement President Karzai Prime Minister problem programme provinces reconciliation regional Report role Rory Stewart Shura significant Sir Hilary Synnott Sir Menzies Campbell Sir Sherard Cowper-Coles strategy talks terrorist troops UK's withdrawal written evidence