The Republican Virago: The Life and Times of Catharine Macaulay
Catharine Macaulay represented everything the eighteenth century abhorred in a woman. She was learned, politically-minded, and actively engaged with public and philosophical issues of the day. Her private life, and especially her "imprudent" second marriage to a man twenty-six years her junior, led to much malicious gossip. Yet in her lifetime she also won considerable fame as the author of an eight-volume history of England in the seventeenth century, a republican, a follower of John Wilkes, and a political polemicist who engaged with Edmund Burke. She not only influenced the nature of eighteenth-century radicalism in England, but also played an important contributory role in shaping American revolution ideology. Among her American friends and correspondents were Mercy Otis Warren, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Ezra Stiles, and George Washington. Long before the Revolution, she was also closely concerned with events in France. Both Mirabeau and Brissot were familiar with herHistoryand much influenced by it; translated into French it was welcomed by patriots as an effective response to the counter-revolutionary influence of Hume's history. The first major biographical study of this remarkable and influential figure, this book should not be ignored by anyone interested in English radicalism or revolutionary politics.
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admiration Alfred House American colonists American Revolution argued Augustus Toplady Baron became Bill of Rights Brissot brother Catharine Macaulay Catharine Macaulay's History celebrated claimed constitution criticism Cromwell daughter David Hume Diaries of Thomas Dilly Dissenters Dr Wilson earlier eighteenth century Elizabeth Carter English radicals European Magazine favour Female Biography France French Gentleman's Magazine Glorious Revolution Henry Marchant historian History of England Horace Walpole Horace Walpole's Correspondence Hume's Ibid ideas James Burgh John Adams John Sawbridge John Wilkes King lady later Letters on Education Liberty Literary London Chronicle Lord marriage married Mary Wollstonecraft Memoirs of Thomas Mercy Warren Mirabeau monarchy Moral never Olantigh pamphlet Paoli parliament patriot political Polwhele praise principles published quoted Real Whigs reform republican Revd Richard Richard Baron Sawbridge seventeenth century Society Sylas Neville Thomas Hollis Thomas Wilson thought vols volume Whigs Wilkes's Wilkite woman women writing wrote