The Republican Virago: The Life and Times of Catharine Macaulay

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Clarendon Press, 1992 - Biography & Autobiography - 263 pages
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Catharine Macaulay represented everything the eighteenth century abhorred in a woman. She was learned, politically-minded, and actively engaged with public and philosophical issues of the day. Her private life, and especially her "imprudent" second marriage to a man twenty-six years her junior, led to much malicious gossip. Yet in her lifetime she also won considerable fame as the author of an eight-volume history of England in the seventeenth century, a republican, a follower of John Wilkes, and a political polemicist who engaged with Edmund Burke. She not only influenced the nature of eighteenth-century radicalism in England, but also played an important contributory role in shaping American revolution ideology. Among her American friends and correspondents were Mercy Otis Warren, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Ezra Stiles, and George Washington. Long before the Revolution, she was also closely concerned with events in France. Both Mirabeau and Brissot were familiar with herHistoryand much influenced by it; translated into French it was welcomed by patriots as an effective response to the counter-revolutionary influence of Hume's history. The first major biographical study of this remarkable and influential figure, this book should not be ignored by anyone interested in English radicalism or revolutionary politics.

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About the author (1992)

Now retired, Bridget Hill is a former Fellow of St Hilda's College, Oxford, Staff Tutor for the Open University, and tutor for the Department of Extra-Mural Studies, University of Oxford. She is married to Christopher Hill. Bridget Hill is the author of Women, Work, and Sexual Politics in Eighteenth-Century England (Basil Blackwell 1989), and the editor of The First English Feminist: `Reflections on Marriage' and other Writings by Mary Astell (Gower/Maurice Temple Smith 1986), and Eighteenth-Century Women: An Anthology (George Allen and Unwin 1984)

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