Medicine Creek: Seventy Years of Archaeological Investigations

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Donna C. Roper
University of Alabama Press, Aug 21, 2002 - Social Science - 248 pages
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This valuable book is an excellent overview of long-term archaeological investigations in the valley that remains at the forefront of studies on the First Americans.


 

In southwest Nebraska, a stretch of Medicine Creek approximately 20 kilometers long holds a remarkable concentration of both late Paleoindian and late prehistoric sites. Unlike several nearby similar and parallel streams that drain the divide between the Platte and Republican Rivers, Medicine Creek has undergone 70 years of archaeological excavations that reveal a long occupation by North America's earliest inhabitants.


 

Donna Roper has collected the written research in this volume that originated in a conference celebrating the 50th anniversary of the 1947 River Basin Survey. In addition to 12 chapters reviewing the long history of archaeological investigations at Medicine Creek, the volume contains recent analyses of and new perspectives on old sites and old data. Two of the sites discussed are considered for pre-Clovis status because they show evidence of human modification of mammoth faunal remains in the late Pleistocene Age. Studies of later occupation of Upper Republican phase sites yield information on the lifeways of Plains village people.

 

Presented by major investigators at Medicine Creek, the contributions are a balanced blend of the historical research and the current state-of-the-art work and analysis. Roper's comprehensive look at the archaeology, paleontology, and geomorphology at Medicine Creek gives scientists and amateurs a full assessment of a site that has taught us much about the North American continent and its early people.


 


 

 

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Contents

Environment and Prehistory Donna C Roper
1
2 Discovery at Medicine Creek W D Frankforter
9
How Long Ago Did People First Live in the Medicine Creek Valley? E Mott Davis
16
History of Investigations 19871998 Steven R Holen and David W May
20
5 Stratigraphic Studies at Paleoindian Sites Around Medicine Creek Reservoir David W May
37
6 The Paleoindian Occupation of the Medicine Creek Drainage Southwestern Nebraska Douglas B Bamforth
54
The Red Smoke Assemblage Ruthann Knudson
84
Prefederal Upper Republican Site Archaeology at Medicine Creek Donna C Roper
142
9 Nebraska State Historical Society and River Basin Surveys Research at Medicine Creek Lake 19461948 Robert K Blasing
156
10 What Do You Mean Upper Republican? Donald J Blakeslee
163
11 PostRiver Basin Surveys Investigations at Upper Republican Sites in the Medicine Creek Valley Donna C Roper
179
A New Look at Extant Data Curtis NeptsadThornberry Linda Scott Cummings and Kathryn Puseman
197
References Cited
213
List of Contributors
243
Index
245
Copyright

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About the author (2002)

Donna C. Roper is Adjunct Associate Professor of Anthropology at Kansas State University.

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