Pediatric Nursing: Caring for Children
Prentice Hall, 2003 - Medical - 984 pages
Pediatric nursing, like all of health care, is changing rapidly. Student nurses must learn what helps them to provide safe and effective care today while integrating new knowledge and skills needed for nursing practice in the future. Faculty have the responsibility of teaching students to provide pediatric nursing care today, while equipping them to meet tomorrow's unknown health care challenges.
The goal of the third edition of this textbook is to provide core pediatric nursing knowledge that prepares students for practice, and to offer the tools of critical thinking needed to apply this learning to future challenges. Students must learn to question, to evaluate the research and experiences of others, to apply information in many settings, and to constantly adapt while providing high-quality nursing care.
This textbook reflects a multitude of approaches to learning that can be helpful to all students. We acknowledge that many students learn pediatric nursing in a very short time period. Therefore, the approaches in this textbook are designed to help all students assess the child's needs and to make decisions based on the standards of pediatric nursing practice.Realities of Pediatric Nursing
The first edition of this textbook focused on the nursing care of children and their families in acute care environments. In the second edition, the focus was broadened to reflect the dramatic shift of pediatric health care out of the hospital and into ambulatory, home, and community settings. Many procedures are performed in short-stay units, and long-term care is often provided at home for children with complex health conditions. In the third edition, the trend for provision of care in a wide variety of settings is a continuing focus. Families are often the providers of care and case managers for children with complex health care challenges. Technological advances are resulting in earlier diagnoses and new therapies, and this content is integrated throughout the textbook.
Pediatric-nursing care is provided within the context of a rapidly changing society. An examination of the major morbidities and mortalities of childhood guided the addition of new material and topics throughout the text. A new chapter on childhood nutrition addresses the influences of nutrition and associated conditions on long-term health of the individual. Another new chapter focuses on the common societal and environmental influences on health care that all nurses must understand when designing interventions to promote health. A continuing emphasis on the influence of injury is integrated throughout the book, with descriptions about the necessity of prevention and the impact of injury on mortality, hospitalization, disability, and health care needs.
Many graduating nurses practice in acute care facilities, and this textbook continues to emphasize the information necessary to prepare students for working in those settings. In addition, the information provided in this textbook will enable graduates to assume positions in ambulatory care facilities, home health nursing, schools, and a variety of other settings. Effective communication methods, principles of working with families, and knowledge of pathophysiologic, psychologic, and environmental factors found in this book can all be applied to a wide variety of settings.
Another major change in our society involves access to information and reliance on the Internet. In this edition, MediaLink icons send the student online to obtain the very latest information available on many topics. Nurses must learn to obtain information and then to analyze and judge the quality of information they find. Nurses must also assist children and family members to use the Internet wisely to help them in making health care decision Integration of websites throughout the book and exercises to examine and evaluate various sites assist the students applying this technology.Organization and Integrated Themes
This book is organized by body system, as it is an easy approach for students to use when peeking information, studying, and preparing to care for children and families. This organizational framework also eliminates redundancy, which occurs when a developmental approach is used, thereby contributing to the concise approach in this textbook.
Several topics essential to comprehensive nursing care of children do not directly relate to body systems. Separate chapters with these important concepts provide foundational information for nursing care. These include growth and development, physical assessment, nutrition, societal and environmental influences on health, and mental health. Other chapters address care of the child in the hospital and in community settings, pain management, and needs of child and family during life-threatening conditions. Throughout the textbook, we integrate information that is pertinent to care for children related to age, culture, and family.
The nursing process is used as the framework for nursing care.Nursing Managementis the major heading, with subheadings ofNursing Assessment and Diagnosis, Planning and Implementation,andEvaluation.When it is appropriate to focus on care in a specific setting, Care in the Community, Hospital-based Care, and Discharge Planning and Home Care Teaching are separated into sections. We feature nursing care plans throughout the text to help students approach care from the nursing process perspective. These nursing care plans include Nursing Intervention Classifications (NIC) and Nursing Outcome Classifications (NOC).
Several major concepts are integrated throughout the textbook to encourage the student to think creatively and critically about nursing care. These major themes are interwoven through narrative, margin boxes, art figures and captions, CD-ROM offerings, and Companion Website activities. This layout results in a comprehensive and unique presentation that engages students and makes them active participants in the learning process. The major concepts integrated throughout the learning materials are as follows:
Each chapter has undergone significant revision to update clinical information and resources. Content has been shifted and added to reflect current pediatric issues and care. New chapters include nutrition, and environmental and societal influences on health. There is an increased emphasis on home and community care, and families are integrated when possible.
Each chapter begins with achapter opening scenarioand photo illustrating a child with specific nursing care needs. This is accompanied by a list ofkey terms.A new feature,MediaLink,identifies specific content, animations, activities, and resources available to students on the accompanying student CD-ROM and Companion Website. Each chapter ends with a chapter review that consists of a summary ofchapter highlights,a list ofreferences,and a new section entitledExplore MediaLink.This last section encourages students to use the additional chapter-specific NCLEX review, exercises, and resources available on the accompanying free student CD-ROM and the Companion Website atwww.prenhall.com/ball.
We have integrated features into the body systems chapters to enhance student learning. Based on feedback from prior users of the textbook, newPathophysiology Illustratedboxes visually explain the pathophysiology of certain conditions in a format that the student can understand and apply.As They Growboxes illustrate the anatomic and physiologic differences between children and adults. This enhances students' knowledge in association with a specific topic and helps them to apply theoretical information in practical situations. TheClinical Manifestationfeature presents the etiology, clinical presentation, and clinical therapy for selected conditions.Medications Used to Treatboxes feature drug information for specific conditions when appropriate.
Numerous margin boxes relate directly to nursing care. These includeClinical Tips, Safety Precautions,andNursing Alerts.To reflect the growing cultural diversity of the United States and Canada,Cultureboxes are also integrated throughout the narrative, offering diverse perspectives and highlighting cultural variations in health care when appropriate. An added feature in this edition is the inclusion of boxes oncomplementary and alternative practices,which may be connected with cultural groups or other belief and practices, thus influencing health care practices.Law and Ethics, Community Care, Research,andHome Careboxes highlight the issues challenging nurses today, whileGrowth and Developmentboxes help to highlight nursing care at various stages of development.
Since nurses are frequent teachers of children and families, we are introducing theFamilies Want to Knowfeature, which offers information about the specific teaching that nurses will need to provide. This feature provides teaching that can benefit families as they care for children.
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HOSPITAL COMMUNITY SETTINGS AND HOME
ROLE OF THE NURSE IN PEDIATRICS
LEGAL CONCEPTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES
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