Pragmatism, Objectivity, and Experience
In this book Steven Levine explores the relation between objectivity and experience from a pragmatic point of view. Like many new pragmatists he aims to rehabilitate objectivity in the wake of Richard Rorty's rejection of the concept. But he challenges the idea, put forward by pragmatists like Robert Brandom, that objectivity is best rehabilitated in communicative-theoretic terms - namely, in terms that can be cashed out by capacities that agents gain through linguistic communication. Levine proposes instead that objectivity is best understood in experiential-theoretic terms. He explains how, in order to meet the aims of the new pragmatists, we need to do more than see objectivity as a norm of rationality embedded in our social-linguistic practices; we also need to see it as emergent from our experiential interaction with the world. Innovative and carefully argued, this book redeems and re-actualizes for contemporary philosophy a key insight developed by the classical pragmatists.
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ability account of objectivity action answer argues articulated ascription attitudes awareness behavior belief bodily habits Brandom C. I. Lewis capacities causal chapter claim cognitive coherentism commitments communication concept of experience concept of objectivity consciousness continuous creature Davidson deontic depends Dewey discursive distinction dualism egocentric eliminative materialism empiricism empiricist environment episodes epistemic epistemological Erfahrung Erlebnis Evans experiential explain fact feeling given grasp habits and skills idea independent inference inferential inquiry insofar interaction involves James James’s knowledge language learning process linguistic litmus paper logical McDowell meaning mediated mental mind Misak Myth non-inferential normative notion objectively correct one’s organism panpsychism panpsychist Peirce perceived perception perspective philosophical position practical pragmatism pragmatists primary experience question rational constraint reality relations Rorty Rorty’s scorekeeper second nature Sellars sensations sensory Shawn Spencer situation social space of reasons spatial stimuli theory things TOTE cycle triangulation truth understand