A linguistic history of Italian
A Linguistic History of Italian offers a clear and concise explanation of why modern Italian grammar has become the way it is. It focuses on the effects of historical changes on the modern structure of Italian, revealing patterns and structures which are not always apparent to those who are only familiar with modern Italian. Although the book concentrates on the internal history of the language, the emergence of Italian is considered against the wider background of the history of the Italian dialects, and other external factors such as cultural and social influences are also examined.
Surveys of current research are included, covering a wide range of phenomena recently brought to light or re-evaluated. This book includes discussion of some areas relatively neglected by earlier histories of the language, such as the development of Italian outside Italy. Particular attention is paid to the influence of other Romance dialects, the linguistic effects of Italian becoming a literary rather than a spoken language, and structural variations which have resulted from the acquisition of the language by a predominantly dialect-speaking population.
Containing clearly presented examples, the book is designed to be accessible to those with no knowledge of Italian itself. It will therefore appeal to students of general linguistics, history linguistics, and Romance linguistics, as well as those studying Italian. It is the only major 'internal' history of Italian currently available in English.
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Chronology and historical sources
History of the sound system
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Abruzzo adverbs allomorphy alternation analogical analytic auxiliary Basilicata Berruto Calabria central and southern century characteristic clause clitic conjugation consonants deletion diphthong direct object distinction example expressed favour feminine plural Florentine front vowel function gender grammatical subject history of Italian hypercorrection indicative infinitive inflectional intervocalic Italian dialects Italo-Romance Italo-Romance dialects Latin Lazio lengthening Lepschy linguistic literary language loved meaning metaphony mid vowels modern Italian morphological neuter northern Italian nouns and adjectives occur open syllables original oxytones palatalization passato remoto past participle perfective phonetic phonological plural inflection preceding preposition present tense pronouns pronunciation proparoxytones Proto-Romance reflexive regional rhizotonic Rohlfs Romance languages Romance varieties root Salento Sardinian second person singular semantic SOSD southern dialects southern Italian dialects southern Italy speakers speech spirantization standard Italian stressed syllables structure subjunctive suffix syntactic Tekavcic tense forms third person plural third person singular Tuscan dialects unstressed vowels variation velar velar consonants verb forms voiceless voicing words