The Cambridge History of Africa, Volume 3
J. D. Fage, John Desmond Clark, Roland Oliver, Roland Anthony Oliver, Richard Gray, John E. Flint, G. N. Sanderson, A. D. Roberts, Michael Crowder
Cambridge University Press, 1975 - History - 818 pages
The five and a half centuries described in this volume were those in which Iron Age cultures passed from their early and experimental phases into stages of maturity characterized by long-distance trade and complex, many-tiered political systems. In Egypt and North Africa it was a period of religious and cultural consolidation when the Arabic language and the faith of Islam were adopted by the majority of the indigenous Copts and Berbers. In the sub-Saharan Savanna it was a period rather of penetration when Muslim merchants and clerics built up small but significant minorities of Negro African converts. Muslim migrants conquered the Nilotic Sudan, encircled Christian Ethiopia and settled the coastline of eastern Africa. But throughout the period African states, large and small, were strong enough, relatively, to control their visitors from the outside world. The main significance of the outsiders, whether Muslim or Christian, was as literate observers of the African scene.
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Egypt Nubia and the Eastern Deserts
Ethiopia the Red Sea and the Horn
The East Coast Madagascar and the Indian Ocean
in Eastern Africa
The eastern Maghrib and the central Sudan
School of Oriental and African Studies University
The western Maghrib and Sudan
Upper and Lower Guinea
Other editions - View all
African History Ahmad Akan al-Din Almohad Almoravids Arab archaeological army Askiya Askiya Muhammad Ayyubid Bantu Banu became Benin Berber Bornu Cairo caliph caravan cattle central Sudan centre Christian Chronicle coast conquest cultural developed dynasty Early Iron Age east eastern Egypt Egyptian empire established Ethiopia European evidence Fatimid fifteenth forest fourteenth century Ghana gold Hausa Hausaland Ibn Battuta Ifat Ifriqiya important influence interior Iron Age Islam island Journal of African Kanem Kano Kilwa king kingdom Kongo land Leopard's Kopje London Maghrib Mali Mamluk Mansa Mansa Musa Marinids merchants military Mogadishu Morocco Muslim Niger nomads northern Nubia Ottoman Paris period plateau political population Portuguese pottery probably region religious route royal rule rulers Sahara settlement Sharif Shoa sixteenth century slaves Somali Songhay Sonni Sonni Ali sources southern Sudan Sudanese sultan thirteenth century Timbuktu tion Tlemcen town trade traditions Walata West Africa western Sudan Zagwe Zeila Zimbabwe