American, African, and Old European Mythologies

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Yves Bonnefoy
University of Chicago Press, May 15, 1993 - Reference - 274 pages
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Mythologies offers illuminating examples of the workings of myth in the structure of societies past and present—how we create, use, and are guided by systems of myth to answer fundamental questions about ourselves and our world.

Almost all of Mythologies, originally published as a two-volume cloth set, is now available in four paperback volumes. These volumes reproduce the articles, introductory essays, and illustrations as they appeared in the full Mythologies set, and each includes a new Preface by Wendy Doniger.

This volume gathers eighty articles on mythologies from around the world. A section on the Americas and the South Pacific covers myths of native Americans, from the Inuit to the Mesoamericans, about such topics as the cosmos, fire, and the creation of the world. Essays on African mythology range from the 266 basic signs of West Africa to themes such as twins, the placenta, and masks. The final section, covering Celtic, Norse, and Slavic traditions opens with an overview of the Indo-Europeans and concludes with an essay on the religion and myths of Armenia.
 

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Contents

The Mythology of the Inuit of the Central Arctic 25 The Earth in Mesoamerican Religions
64
The Myths and Rituals of the South American
72
Mesoamerican Mythic and Ritual Order 49 Religions and Cults of the Societies of the Andes
81
Sun Moon Stars and Meteorological Religions and Mythologies of Oceania
88
Forms of the Symbolic Function in the Art and Myth
113
The Placenta in West African Myths and Rituals
123
Myths and Practices of Sacrifice among
130
Astronomy and Calendars in West Africa
137
The Religions of the Continental Celts of Spain Great
195
Celtic Sacred Monsters
202
Arthur and the Arthurian Heroes in Wales
211
Epona
218
Taranis
224
Sacrifice in GermanoNorse Paganism
235
Slavic Myths Rites and Gods
241
The Religion and Myths of the Georgians of
254

CELTS
177
The Myths and Narratives of the Celts of
185
The Religion and Myths of the Ossets
262
Index
269

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About the author (1993)

Yves Bonnefoy was born in in Tours, France on June 24, 1923. He studied mathematics at the University of Poitiers and philosophy at the Sorbonne, where he completed a thesis on Søren Kierkegaard and Charles Baudelaire. Bonnefoy worked at the National Center for Scientific Research, where he wrote on the New Criticism and the philosophy of literary criticism in the English language. In 1953, he wrote a long poetic sequence entitled On the Motion and Immobility of Douve. His collections of poetry include Yesterday's Wilderness Kingdom, Words in Stone, The Lure of the Threshold, In the Shadow's Light, Beginning and End of the Snow, The Wandering Life, The Curved Planks, and The Long Chain of the Anchor. He received the grand prize for poetry from the French Academy in 1981 and the Goncourt Prize for Poetry in 1987. In 1972, he published a philosophical memoir, L'Arrière-Pays (Heartland), about his summer visits to his maternal grandparents. As a translator, Bonnefoy was well known for his renderings of Shakespeare into French including Hamlet, Julius Caesar, A Winter's Tale, and Henry IV, Part I. During his lifetime, he translated 15 of the plays, all of the sonnets, and wrote extensively on Shakespeare's poetics. His translations of Yeats are equally well known in France. He died on July 1, 2016 at the age of 93.

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