Formulaic Language and Second Language Speech Fluency: Background, Evidence and Classroom Applications
This volume presents a comprehensive look at the phenomenon of formulaic language (multi-word units believed to be mentally stored and retrieved as single units) and its role in fluent speech production. Focusing on second language speech, the book provides an overview of research into the role of formulaic language in fluency, details a study which provides evidence of that role, and outlines teaching plans and strategies to foster it. This important area has not been examined in such depth and scope before, and this work has many implications for future research and language pedagogy. It will appeal to researchers in discourse analysis and second language acquisition.
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activity analysis analyzed aspects automatization beneﬁts Cat Came Back Chinese chunks classroom clauses cognitive communication complex context criteria Dechert declarative knowledge deﬁned deﬁnition discourse discourse analysis dysﬂuency English ﬁlled pauses ﬁllers ﬁlm prompt ﬁrst language ﬂuency development ﬂuent speech formulaic language formulaic sequences formulas MLR frequency grammatical hesitation identiﬁed increased inﬂuence input interaction Isamu Japanese L1 group L2 learners language production length of runs Lennon lexical items Liang Lilia linguistic long-term memory measures multiword narrative retell native speakers native-like Natsuko offormulaic oral overall participants patterns Pawley performance phonological phrases procedural knowledge processing proﬁciency psycholinguistic Raupach retrieval role runs between pauses scores second attempt second language acquisition second language speech self-determination theory signiﬁcant six samples speciﬁc speech ﬂuency speech production speech rate speech samples speed spoken strings Syder syllables syntactic t-unit task temporal variables transcripts types utterances words Wray Yuka