The Cultural Lives of Whales and Dolphins

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University of Chicago Press, Dec 4, 2014 - Science - 417 pages
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In the songs and bubble feeding of humpback whales; in young killer whales learning to knock a seal from an ice floe in the same way their mother does; and in the use of sea sponges by the dolphins of Shark Bay, Australia, to protect their beaks while foraging for fish, we find clear examples of the transmission of information among cetaceans. Just as human cultures pass on languages and turns of phrase, tastes in food (and in how it is acquired), and modes of dress, could whales and dolphins have developed a culture of their very own?

Unequivocally: yes. In The Cultural Lives of Whales and Dolphins, cetacean biologists Hal Whitehead, who has spent much of his life on the ocean trying to understand whales, and Luke Rendell, whose research focuses on the evolution of social learning, open an astounding porthole onto the fascinating culture beneath the waves. As Whitehead and Rendell show, cetacean culture and its transmission are shaped by a blend of adaptations, innate sociality, and the unique environment in which whales and dolphins live: a watery world in which a hundred-and-fifty-ton blue whale can move with utter grace, and where the vertical expanse is as vital, and almost as vast, as the horizontal.

Drawing on their own research as well as a scientific literature as immense as the sea—including evolutionary biology, animal behavior, ecology, anthropology, psychology, and neuroscience—Whitehead and Rendell dive into realms both humbling and enlightening as they seek to define what cetacean culture is, why it exists, and what it means for the future of whales and dolphins. And, ultimately, what it means for our future, as well.
 

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The Cultural Lives of Whales and Dolphins

User Review  - Tina Chan - Book Verdict

Whitehead (biology, Dalhousie Univ.; Sperm Whales) and Rendell (biology, Univ. of St. Andrews) cover cetacean culture from its earliest beginnings to the present day. The authors include research they ... Read full review

Contents

Chapter 1 Culture in the Ocean?
1
Chapter 2 Culture?
10
Chapter 3 Mammals of the Ocean
45
Chapter 4 Song of the Whale
67
Chapter 5 What the Dolphins Do
98
Chapter 6 Mother Cultures of the Large Toothed Whales
126
Chapter 7 How Do They Do It?
162
Chapter 8 Is This Evidence for Culture?
187
Chapter 10 Whale Culture and Whale Genes
231
Ecosystems Individuals Stupidity and Conservation
247
How We See Them and How We Treat Them
269
This Book Came From and Is Built On
303
Notes
307
Bibliography
351
Index
399
Copyright

Chapter 9 How the Whales Got Culture
213

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About the author (2014)

Hal Whitehead is a University Research Professor in the Department of Biology at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, and the author of Sperm Whales: Social Evolution in the Ocean and Analyzing Animal Societies, both published by the University of Chicago Press. Supported by the Marine Alliance for Science and Technology, Luke Rendell is a lecturer in biology at the Sea Mammal Research Unit and the Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution of the University of St Andrews, Scotland.

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