The Russian Roots of Nazism: White Émigrés and the Making of National Socialism, 1917–1945
This book examines the overlooked topic of the influence of anti-Bolshevik, anti-Semitic Russian exiles on Nazism. White émigrés contributed politically, financially, militarily, and ideologically to National Socialism. This work refutes the notion that Nazism developed as a peculiarly German phenomenon: it arose primarily from the cooperation between völkisch (nationalist/racist) Germans and vengeful White émigrés. From 1920–1923, Adolf Hitler collaborated with a conspiratorial far right German-White émigré organization, Aufbau (Reconstruction). Aufbau allied with Nazis to overthrow the German government and Bolshevik rule through terrorism and military-paramilitary schemes. This organization's warnings of the monstrous 'Jewish Bolshevik' peril helped to inspire Hitler to launch an invasion of the Soviet Union and to initiate the mass murder of European Jews. This book uses extensive archival materials from Germany and Russia, including recently declassified documents, and will prove invaluable reading for anyone interested in the international roots of National Socialism.
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The far right in the German and Russian Empires
At the extreme in the Ukraine and in Germany
Hand in hand with Germany
The international radical rights Aufbau reconstruction
GermanyRussia above everything
Conspiracies of fire and the sword
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Alfred Rosenberg anti-Bolshevik anti-Semitic April asserted Aufbau members August Baltic German Bavaria Berlin Bermondt Bermondt-Avalov BHSAM Biskupskii Black Hundred Bolshevism BSMA 36 BSMI 22 collaboration Colonel DB report delo Dietrich Eckart Dostoevskii Ehrhardt Entente Fedor fiche fond forces Freikorps German and Russian German and White German/White Germany's Goltz GSAPKB Hausen Hitler Hitler/Ludendorff Putsch ideology Imperial Russia Imperial Russian January Jewish Bolshevik Jewish Bolshevism Jewry Jews Kapp Putsch Kirill Kirill's Kursell Latvian Intervention leader leadership League LGPO report Ludendorff March Markov military Munich National Socialism National Socialist Party nationalist Germans Nikolai NSDAP opis organization PAAA PDM report Piotr Plain German political Poltavets-Ostranitsa Protocols reel report from July report from November Repositur RGVA TsKhlDK right-wing rightists RKUoO report Russian Empire Scheubner Scheubner-Richter Scheubner-Richter's Schickedanz September Shabelskii-Bork Skoropadskii Soviet Union stressed Taboritskii Ukraine Ukrainian Cossack Vinberg Vladimir volkisch Germans Volkisch Observer Volkischer Beobachter Vrangel's Weimar Republic White emigre