The Russian Roots of Nazism: White Émigrés and the Making of National Socialism, 1917–1945

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Cambridge University Press, Feb 3, 2005 - History
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This book examines the overlooked topic of the influence of anti-Bolshevik, anti-Semitic Russian exiles on Nazism. White émigrés contributed politically, financially, militarily, and ideologically to National Socialism. This work refutes the notion that Nazism developed as a peculiarly German phenomenon: it arose primarily from the cooperation between völkisch (nationalist/racist) Germans and vengeful White émigrés. From 1920–1923, Adolf Hitler collaborated with a conspiratorial far right German-White émigré organization, Aufbau (Reconstruction). Aufbau allied with Nazis to overthrow the German government and Bolshevik rule through terrorism and military-paramilitary schemes. This organization's warnings of the monstrous 'Jewish Bolshevik' peril helped to inspire Hitler to launch an invasion of the Soviet Union and to initiate the mass murder of European Jews. This book uses extensive archival materials from Germany and Russia, including recently declassified documents, and will prove invaluable reading for anyone interested in the international roots of National Socialism.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The far right in the German and Russian Empires
18
At the extreme in the Ukraine and in Germany
48
Hand in hand with Germany
78
The international radical rights Aufbau reconstruction
109
GermanyRussia above everything
136
Conspiracies of fire and the sword
166
In Quick March to the Abyss 193
195
The four writers of the apocalypse
217
Aufbaus legacy to National Socialism
245
Conclusion
272
Bibliography
281
Index
299
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Dr Michael Kellogg is an independent researcher.

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