Needlework Through History: An Encyclopedia
Needlework serves functional purposes, such as providing warmth, but has also communicated individual and social identity, spiritual beliefs, and aesthetic ideals throughout time and geography. Needlework traditions are often associated with rituals and celebrations of life events. Often-overlooked by historians, practicing needlework and creating needlework objects provides insights to the history of everyday life. Needlework techniques traveled with merchants and explorers, creating a legacy of cross-cultural exchange. Some techniques are virtually universal and others are limited to a small geographical area. Settlers brought traditions which were sometimes re-invented as indigenous arts. This volume of approximately 75 entries is a comprehensive resource on techniques and cultural traditions for students, information professionals, and collectors. Entries include: -Applique -Aran -Bobbin lace -Crochet -Cross-stitch -Embellishment -Feathers and Beetle wings -Knotting -Machine needlework -Macrame -Mirrorwork -Netting -Patchwork -Quillwork -Samplers -Smocking -Tatting -Whitework Geographical areas include: -Africa -British Isles -Central Asia -East Asia -Southeast Asia -Pacific Region -Eastern Europe -Eastern Mediterranean -Indian Subcontinent -Middle East -North America -Scandinavia -South America -Western Asia -Western Europe
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American animals appearance appliqué areas Asia beads became began Berlin bobbin Book braids British Isles buttonhole stitch called chain stitch Chinese clothing colors Complete costume cotton couching covers craft created crochet cross-stitch cultural cutwork dating decorative designs developed diﬀerent drawnwork dresses early Eastern edges embellished embroidered embroidery England English especially European example fabric felt ﬁne ﬁrst ﬂowers France French fringe FURTHER READING garments gold hairpin lace hand hangings History hook important Indian industry Italy knitting knot known KSUM lacemaking late linen Little loops machine macramé materials metallic threads Middle East motifs Museum needle needlework netting nineteenth century North America Online originated patterns pieces popular practiced produced pulled quilting region ribbon rugs running stitch samplers satin stitch silk similar smocking sometimes South style sweaters symbol technique textiles throughout traditions usually Western Europe whitework women wool yarn York