Civil Paths to Peace: Report of the Commonwealth Commission on Respect and Understanding

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Commonwealth Secretariat, 2007 - Law - 96 pages
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Civil Paths to Peace contains the analyses and findings of the Commonwealth Commission on Respect and Understanding, established in response to the 2005 request of Commonwealth Heads of Government for the Commonwealth Secretary-General to 'explore initiatives to promote mutual understanding and respect among all faiths and communities in the Commonwealth.'This report focuses particularly on the issues of terrorism, extremism, conflict and violence, which are much in ascendancy and afflict Commonwealth countries as well as the rest of the world. It argues that cultivating respect and understanding is both important in itself and consequential in reducing violence and terrorism. It further argues that cultivated violence is generated through fomenting disrespect and fostering confrontational misunderstandings. The report looks at the mechanisms through which violence is cultivated through advocacy and recruitment, and the pre-existing inequalities, deprivations and humiliations on which those advocacies draw. These diagnoses also clear the way for methods of countering fostered disaffection and violence. In various chapters the different connections are explored and examined to yield general policy recommendations. Accepting diversity, respecting all human beings, and understanding the richness of perspectives that people have are of great relevance for all Commonwealth countries, and for its 1.8 billion people. They are also important for the rest of the world. The civil paths to peace are presented here for use both inside the Commonwealth and beyond its boundaries. The Commonwealth has survived and flourished, despite the hostilities associated with past colonial history, through the use of a number of far-sighted guiding principles The Commission argues that those principles have continuing relevance today for the future of the Commonwealth - and also for the world at large.
 

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Contents

Contents Preface
5
Letter of Presentation
7
Executive Summary
9
Why do Respect and Understanding Matter?
15
The Nature and Nurture of Violence
27
Poverty lnequality and Humiliation
33
History Grievance and Conflict
39
Political Participation Dialogue and lnclusion
45
Young People and Education
59
Multilateralism and the lnternational Order
65
The Way Forward and Conclusions
75
References
83
Members of the Commonwealth Commission
85
Written submissions to the Commonwealth
89
Bibliography
91
Copyright

The Role of Media and Communication
55

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Page 83 - Report of the situation of human rights in Afghanistan' submitted by Mr Kamal Hossain, Special Rapporteur, in accordance with Commission on Human Rights resolution 1998/70.
Page 92 - Development Research Centre on Citizenship, Participation and Accountability, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, 2006.

About the author (2007)

The Commonwealth Commission on Respect and Understanding was chaired by Amartya Sen, with John Alderdice, Kwame Anthony Appiah, Adrienne Clarkson, Noeleen Heyzer, Kamal Hossain, Elaine Sihoatani Howard, Wangari Muta Maathai, Ralston Nettleford, Joan Rwabyomere and Lucy Turnbull.

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