Language

Front Cover
Motilal Banarsidass Publ., 1994 - Fiction - 578 pages
The book presents the fundamentals of linguistics and the historical survey of languages to the reader without any complication and obscurity. It is a valuable book for students and scholars of linguistics. The author has followed the traditional order of presentation. He begins with the survey of languages of the world, proceeds with the study of phonetic structure, grammatical forms, syntax and morphology, each being the indispensable preliminary to the study of the ensuing one. The book is divided into 38 chapters which gives a detailed and thorough knowledge of the subject on all important issues, such as analogic and semantic changes, cultural, intimate and dialect borrowings and scores of other points related to the subjects. Of these, Chapter 24 - Semantic Change and Chapter 25 - Cultural Borrowings are much palatable. It is in these chapters that the reader can get right away from the mechanics of language and follow the play of human mind. The book is documented with notes, bibliography, table of phonetic symbols and index.
 

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Writing is not language, but merely a way or recording language
we can not foretell what one person will say but if we found it possible and worthwhile to register every speech-utterance in a large
community, we should doubtless be able to foretell how many times any utterance would be spoken, especially about the changes that are constantly going on in every language. 

Contents

THE STUDY OF LANGUAGE
4
THE USE OF LANGUAGE
24
SPEECHCOMMUNITIES
43
THE LANGUAGES OF THE WORLD
57
THE PEONEME 6 TYPES OF PHONEMES
100
MODIFICATIONS
112
PHONETIC STRUCTURE
129
MEANING
155
PHONETIC CHANGE
351
TYPES OF PHONETIC CHANGE
390
FLUCTUATION IN THE FREQUENCY OF FORMS
392
ANALOGIC CHANGE
410
SEMANTIC CHANGE
428
CULTURAL BORROWING
454
INTIMATE BORROWING
464
DIALECT BORROWING
486

GRAMMATICAL FORMS
166
SENTENCETYPES
179
SYNTAX
190
MORPHOLOGY
220
MORPHOLOGIC TYPES
240
SUBSTITUTION
260
FORMCLASSES AND LEXICON
264
WRITTEN RECORDS
282
THE COMPARATIVE METHOD
302
DIALECT GEOGRAPHY
339
APPLICATIONS AND OUTLOOK
507
21
515
74
519
93
539
184
555
297
560
321
561
404
562
496
563
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