Machine Dreams: Economics Becomes a Cyborg Science

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Cambridge University Press, 2002 - Business & Economics - 655 pages
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This is the first cross-over book in the history of science written by an historian of economics, combining a number of disciplinary and stylistic orientations. In it Philip Mirowshki shows how what is conventionally thought to be "history of technology" can be integrated with the history of economic ideas. His analysis combines Cold War history with the history of the postwar economics profession in America and later elsewhere, revealing that the Pax Americana had much to do with the content of such abstruse and formal doctrines such as linear programming and game theory. He links the literature on "cyborg science" found in science studies to economics, an element missing in the literature to date. Mirowski further calls into question the idea that economics has been immune to postmodern currents found in the larger culture, arguing that neoclassical economics has surreptitiously participated in the desconstruction of the integral "Self." Finally, he argues for a different style of economics, an alliance of computational and institutional themes, and challenges the widespread impression that there is nothing else besides American neoclassical economic theory left standing after the demise of Marxism. Philip Mirowski is Carl Koch Professor of Economics and the History and Philosophy of Science, University of Notre Dame. He teaches in both the economics and science studies communities and has written frequently for academic journals. He is also the author of More Heat than Light (Cambridge, 1992) and editor of Natural Images in Economics (Cambridge, 1994) and Science Bought and Sold (University of Chicago, 2001).
 

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Contents

CYBORG AGONISTES
1
ROOMS WITH A VIEW
2
WHERE THE CYBORGS ARE
4
THE NATURAL SCIENCES AND THE HISTORY OF ECONOMICS
7
ANATOMY OF A CYBORG
11
ATTACK OF THE CYBORGS
18
THE NEW AUTOMATON THEATRE
23
SOME CYBORG GENEALOGIES OR HOW THE DEMON GOT ITS BOTS
26
GETTING IN LINE WITH THE PROGRAM
241
COWLES UNREPENTANT UNRECURSIVE AND UNRECUSANT
271
ON THE IMPOSSIBILITY OF A DEMOCRATIC COMPUTER
302
THE EMPIRE STRIKES BACK
309
GAME THEORY AT RAND
319
THE HIGH COST OF INFORMATION IN POSTWAR NEOCLASSICAL THEORY
370
RIGOR MORTIS IN THE FIRST CASUALTY OF WAR
390
DOES THE RATIONAL ACTOR COMPUTE?
415

THE LITTLE ENGINES THAT COULDVE
31
ADVENTURES OF A REDHOT DEMON
43
CYBERNETICS
54
THE DEVIL THAT MADE US DO IT
77
THE ADVENT OF COMPLEXITY
88
JOHN VON NEUMANN AND THE CYBORG INCURSION INTO ECONOMICS
94
ECONOMICS AT ONE REMOVE
99
PURITY
105
IMPURITY
116
WORLDLINESS
136
THE MILITARY THE SCIENTISTS AND THE REVISED RULES OF THE GAME
153
THE CYBORG CHARACTER OF SCIENCE MOBILIZATION IN WORLD WAR II
161
BLIPKRIEG
177
THE BALLAD OF HOTELLING AND SCHULTZ
190
SRG RAND RAD LAB
199
DO CYBORGS DREAM OF EFFICIENT MARKETS?
232
CORE WARS
437
SIMULACRA VERSUS AUTOMATA
452
SHOWDOWN AT THE OR CORRAL
479
SEND IN THE CLONES
503
MACHINES WHO THINK VERSUS MACHINES THAT SELL
517
WHERE IS THE COMPUTER TAKING US?
520
FIVE ALTERNATIVE SCENARIOS FOR THE FUTURE OF COMPUTATIONAL ECONOMICS
523
THE HAYEK HYPOTHESIS AND EXPERIMENTAL ECONOMICS
545
GODE AND SUNDER GO ROBOSHOPPING
551
CONTINGENCY IRONY AND COMPUTATION
560
DOUBLE AUCTION AND SEALED BID ENCODED ONTO AUTOMATA
567
SEALEDBID AUCTION WITH ACCUMULATION RULE
572
ENVOI
575
REFERENCES
577
INDEX
645
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