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Materials Challenges and Mechanical Requirements
Recent Environmental Demands on Automotive Connectors
FormabilitySpring Property Factors
5 other sections not shown
additions adhesive aging annealing applied behavior bending cause changes characteristics circuit coating coefficient cold compared conductivity connector contact force contact resistance copper alloys corrosion cost CuFe cycles damage decrease density depends diffusion dipped direction effect elastic electrical Electronic fiber fiberoptic formability fretting Fretting corrosion friction function geometry grain grain boundaries Hard hardened heat higher important increase influence initial layer length less limit load Long lower materials mating measured mechanical Metals method Ni/P normal force oxide parameter performance phase phosphor bronze pins plating precipitation present properties range reduced relatively reliability Remaining requirements residual rolling sample shown in Figure shows solder solution splice spring springback stability strain strength stress relaxation strip substrate surface temper temperature terminals thermal thickness tin thickness track Trans versus voltage wear zinc