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ablative accusative ad Fam adjectives adverbs aorist apud atque belong Caes Caesar Cicero clause commonly Compare compound conjugation conjunction consonant consul dative declension denote denotes—a dlco enclitic English erat esset essS expressed fuit gender genitive gerund Greek haec Hence illo imperfect Indicative Mood infinitive language Latin Latin language letter Literally Masc meaning mihi mood Neut neuter nihll nominative noun nSque old writers participle passive past Past-perf past-perfect perfect perfect tenses person Phil phrases Plaut plural preceding preposition Pres present pronoun quae quam quid quld quldem quod quSd quum refer sentence sesterces signify singular sometimes Srat subjunctive subjunctive mood substantive suffix sunt syllable tenses thing tive tlbi transitive verb translated Tusc verbs Verr Virg vowel whence words write
Page 70 - Front-de-Bceuf heads the defenders; I see his gigantic form above the press. They throng again to the breach, and the pass is disputed hand to hand and man to man. God of Jacob ! it is the meeting of two fierce tides—the conflict of two oceans moved by adverse winds.
Page 70 - breach, and the pass is disputed hand to hand and man to man. God of Jacob ! it is the meeting of two fierce tides—the conflict of two oceans moved by adverse winds." Such a use of the true present can only be looked for in dramatic writing. The historic present, as it is called, is an imitation of this dramatic excitement.
Page 289 - it is not a matter for them to decide upon, and they recommend him therefore at once to consider the consequences. 1205 Without a formal use of the obliqua oratio, a verb in a dependent clause may be in the subjunctive mood, when it expresses the thoughts or words or alleged reasons of another. Aristldes, nonne
Page 244 - respondit &c., which chapter is all one sentence, there is much freedom in the use of these pronouns. Thus, in the last clause, quod sibi Caesar denuntiaret se Aeduorum iniurias non neglecturum, neminem secum sine sua pernicie
Page 397 - Cicero at times in his orations purposely uses et alone throughout a long period to connect all the single words and phrases and clauses, whether long or short; his object being rather to deluge his hearer's mind with a torrent of ideas, than to place them in due subordination before him.
Page 430 - crude verb;' observing also, in § 171, that " the verb in its inflected form is composed of two elements : 1, the anga, or ' base,' the modified verb to which the inflections are subjoined; and 2, certain letters or syllables which constitute the inflectional terminations, and are subjoined to the base.
Page 60 - be mistaken, no reflective pronoun or suffix is added. 379 When the source of an action (i. e. the nominative) is not known, or it is thought not desirable to mention it, it is common to say that the action proceeds from the object itself. A reflective so used is called a passive : thus
Page 383 - Occasionally, in order that it may have great emphasis, non is placed at the beginning of a sentence, or at the beginning of the predicative part of a sentence, and in these cases it often becomes difficult to give a translation which shall not greatly alter the order of
Page 430 - to say, at the latter part of § 51, " there is but one general declension in Sanskrit grammar"; and though it is convenient to divide nouns into classes, yet even then, he adds, " no arrangement admits of more ready reference than that which classes them according to their final letters.