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acetate aconitine acrid Ainslie alcoholic extract alkaline alkaloid aloe amylic alcohol appear Arabs aromatic astringent bark bazars Beng Bengal bitter black pepper boiling Bombay called camphor cardamoms cassia cells cent Chemical composition.—The cinnamon cold colouring matter Concan consists contains crystalline crystals cultivated cwts decoction described Description.—The dilute Dioscorides dissolved distilled diuretic doses dried drug essential oil ether extract evaporated ferric chloride flowers fresh fruit ginger grains hemp herb Hind Hindus History inches long India insoluble juice leaves Linn long pepper Mahometan medicinal mucilage native nitric acid obtained odour Persian petroleum ether Pharm plant poison potash powder precipitate principle properties purgative quantity reaction remedy resin Rheede rhizome root salep salt Sanskrit says seeds species starch stem substance sugar sulphuric acid tannic tannic acid Tarn taste thick tolas tree tubers turmeric volatile Wight wood writers yellow yellowish yields
Page 578 - It is the sweetest and most nutritious pasture for cattle ; and its usefulness added to its beauty induced the Hindus, in their earliest ages, to believe that it was the mansion of a benevolent nymph.
Page 436 - The true Cardamomum majus is a conical fruit, in size and shape not unlike a small fig reversed, containing roundish angular seeds, of an agreeable aromatic flavour, much resembling that of the Malabar cardamom, and quite devoid of the burning taste of grains of paradise. Each fruit is perforated, having been strung on a cord to dry ; such strings of cardamoms are sometimes used by the Arabs as rosaries. The fruit in question is called in the Galla language Korarima, but it is also known as Gurdgi...
Page 167 - It is quite surprising that the use of pepper has come so much into fashion, seeing that in other substances which we use, it is sometimes their sweetness, and sometimes their appearance, that has attracted our notice ; whereas, pepper has nothing in it that can plead as a recommendation to either fruit or berry, its only desirable quality being a certain pungency; and yet it is for this that we import it all the way from...
Page 351 - A branch is cut, corresponding to the length and diameter of the sack wanted. It is soaked a little, and then beaten with clubs until the inner bark separates from the wood.
Page 29 - The method sometimes adopted is that of throwing the fresh seeds, without any cleansing process, into the common mill, and expressing in the usual way. The oil thus becomes mixed with a large portion of the colouring matter of the epidermis of the seed, and is neither so pleasant to the eye nor so agreeable to the taste as that obtained by first repeatedly washing the seeds in cold water, or by boiling them for a short time, until the whole of the reddish brown colouring matter is removed, and the...
Page 574 - The shell of the cultivated sort is soft, and the kernel is sweet ; whereas the wild Coix is so hard that it cannot be broken by the teeth. Each plant branches two or three times from the base, and from seven to nine plants grow in each square yard of soil : the produce is small, not above thirty or forty fold.
Page 32 - ... acquires a greenish yellow hue. The same experiment being made with spirit of wine substituted for acetic acid, the mixture assumes a blue colour, quickly changing to greenish yellow. The oil itself being gently shaken with sulphuric and nitric acids, takes a fine green hue, as shown in 1852 by Behrens, who at the same time pointed out that no other oil exhibits this reaction.
Page 445 - ... of rice. Thus the fruit of the plantain gives 37 per cent., and the raw potato 25 per cent., of dry matter. In regard to its value as a food for man in our northern climates, there is no reason to believe that it is unfit to sustain life and health ; and as to warmer or tropical climates, this conclusion is of more weight. " The only chemical writer who had previously made personal observations upon this point (M.
Page 155 - of commerce. The finest quality of cloves are dark brown in color, with full, perfect heads, free from moisture. In the cultivation of the clove, the first thing to be done is the starting of the shoot. The seeds are planted in long trenches and are kept well watered until after sprouting. In the course of forty days the shoots appear above ground. They are carefully watered and looked after for the space of two years, when they should be about 3 feet in height. They are then transplanted, being...
Page 348 - Foersch says he got his information, assured him that " there is a continual perspiration issuing from the tree, which is seen to rise and spread in the air, like the putrid steam of a marshy cavern." Criminals condemned to death were offered the chance of life if they would go to the upas tree and collect some of its poison. They were furnished with proper directions, and armed with due precaution, but not more than two out of twenty ever returned. One who had thus saved his life, Foersch says,...