How to House the Homeless
Ingrid Gould Ellen, Brendan O’Flaherty
Russell Sage Foundation, Jun 24, 2010 - Social Science - 200 pages
How to House the Homeless, editors Ingrid Gould Ellen and Brendan O'Flaherty propose that the answers entail rethinking how housing markets operate and developing more efficient interventions in existing service programs. The book critically reassesses where we are now, analyzes the most promising policies and programs going forward, and offers a new agenda for future research. How to House the Homeless makes clear the inextricable link between homelessness and housing policy. Contributor Jill Khadduri reviews the current residential services system and housing subsidy programs. For the chronically homeless, she argues, a combination of assisted housing approaches can reach the greatest number of people and, specifically, an expanded Housing Choice Voucher system structured by location, income, and housing type can more efficiently reach people at-risk of becoming homeless and reduce time spent homeless. Robert Rosenheck examines the options available to homeless people with mental health problems and reviews the cost-effectiveness of five service models: system integration, supported housing, clinical case management, benefits outreach, and supported employment. He finds that only programs that subsidize housing make a noticeable dent in homelessness, and that no one program shows significant benefits in multiple domains of life. Contributor Sam Tsemberis assesses the development and cost-effectiveness of the Housing First program, which serves mentally ill homeless people in more than four hundred cities. He asserts that the program's high housing retention rate and general effectiveness make it a viable candidate for replication across the country. Steven Raphael makes the case for a strong link between homelessness and local housing market regulations—which affect housing affordability—and shows that the problem is more prevalent in markets with stricter zoning laws. Finally, Brendan O'Flaherty bridges the theoretical gap between the worlds of public health and housing research, evaluating the pros and cons of subsidized housing programs and the economics at work in the rental housing market and home ownership. Ultimately, he suggests, the most viable strategies will serve as safety nets—"social insurance"—to reach people who are homeless now and to prevent homelessness in the future. It is crucial that the links between effective policy and the whole cycle of homelessness—life conditions, service systems, and housing markets—be made clear now. With a keen eye on the big picture of housing policy, How to House the Homeless shows what works and what doesn't in reducing the numbers of homeless and reaching those most at risk.
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Part 1 Helping People Leave Homelessness
Part 2 Using Housing Policy to Prevent Homelessness
Other editions - View all
adverse selection Anita Summers apartments Assertive Community Treatment assisted housing Author’s become homeless benefits chronically homeless clients Community consumers cost-effectiveness Culhane Department of Housing disabilities effect eligible emergency shelters estimates families HF programs hous Housing and Urban housing assistance housing choice voucher housing costs housing market Housing Policy housing prices housing programs housing subsidy housing units housing voucher program income increase intervention Journal land-use landlords lease least regulated less LIHTC low-income housing median mental health mental illness moral hazard mortgages O’Flaherty Olsen Pathways to Housing percent poor population preventing homelessness problems project-based projects public housing Quintile reduce homelessness regulatory stringency rent control rent-to-income ratios renters Research residential risk Rosenheck Section 8 housing shocks standards subsidized housing substance abuse supportive housing targeted tenant-based tenants transitional housing treatment Tsemberis U.S. Census Bureau U.S. Department Urban Development vacancy rates Washington