The Functions of Social Conflict
This volume traces the modern critical and performance history of this play, one of Shakespeare's most-loved and most-performed comedies. The essay focus on such modern concerns as feminism, deconstruction, textual theory, and queer theory.
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EDSA I and EDSA II
A Comparison of EDSA I and EDSA II
My information about EDSA I are not 100% accurate since I have no personal experience about it.
I was too young when it happened. In EDSA I, the people protested the massive election fraud during the Snap Presidential Elections held during the first week of February 1986. Many supporters of Corazon Aquino were not able to vote because their names were allegedly deleted from the registered voter's list. Members of the Commission on Election walked-out from their work because according to them, then President Ferdinand Marcos were forcing them to declare him the winner.
In EDSA II, the people protested the pro-Estrada senators' barring of a set of evidences that will convict the president in the on-going impeachment trial . This is what the people claimed as "suppression of truth." People of EDSA II have lost faith on the integrity of the impeachment court and are predicting an acquittal verdict by a majority of the senators. The people then gathered in EDSA to continue the battle in the streets rather than in the court.
EDSA I lasted for 5 days (February 21-25, 1986), while EDSA II lasted for 4 days only (January 17-20, 2001).
Ferdinand Marcos left Malacanang and went to Hawaii. Estrada left the palace but stayed in the country.
In both EDSA I and EDSA II, Jaime Cardinal Sin called on the people to gather at EDSA through Radio Veritas.
There was no EDSA flyovers and EDSA Shrine yet during EDSA I. These structures, including the "EDSA Monument" was called "Pamana ng 1986 EDSA People Power."
There were no presence of tanks and heavily armed soldiers during EDSA II unlike EDSA I. Both ended peacefully.
People wore something yellow during EDSA I while something black during EDSA II. Yellow symbolizes democracy which was being cried for in 1986 while Black was worn in 2001 because of the "death" of justice in the Impeachment trial.
EDSA I was more of a solemn crusade, while EDSA II was more like a party. Both were supported by the religious sectors.
The final lesson of EDSA has long been suspected by democratic sympathizers although there have been few validations of their thesis. A democratic revolution cannot be initiated or sustained by self-serving elites. Only an enlightened, self-serving citizenry sustain an enduring democracy. Cam reliably initiate
Felipe B. Miranda
A clear majority agreed Edsa II was "true people power."
"Tama na, sobra na, palitan na!" Through people power, Filipinos are making a moral judgment and meting out a political sentence. However, they also realize that removing a president through people power is an extraordinary act that should not be abused or perverted. The military and the police should not feel that they are the ultimate arbiter between the people and the regime as to the latter's moral legitimacy and political capacity to govern. Otherwise, democracy would be fatally disabled. The normal constitutional means of changing the president should be observed if our democracy is to be consolidated and institutionalized.
In these two revolutions it has been said here that Edsa1 is more solemn compare to Edsa2 were people wore black shirts because of the lack of justice that happened here in this revolution. For me, such events really thinks of me that Filipinos here fight for their rights; the justice they wanted to be achieve; and a democratic country that doesn’t exist more autocratic ruler.
The principal lesson in the revolution is the mysterious power and the splendor of the Filipino people’s spirit or life force. By this they develop a self-esteem and a deeper belongingness as a Filipino. They warm- welcome Cory in the Cebu City that was happened during Edsa1.
In Cebu city, people lined the highway leading to the city. In some intersections, crowds became so excited that they literally blocked the road, thus creating momentary
II Conflict and Group Boundaries
III Hostility and Tensions in Conflict Relationships
IV InGroup Conflict and Group Structure
V Conflict with OutGroup and Group Structure
VI Ideology and Conflict