The Ego and the Id
All human behaviors and traits, according to this 1923 study, derive from the complicated interactions of three elements of the psyche: the id, the ego, and the superego. The root of Sigmund Freud's approach to psychiatric treatment resides in bringing the id, the hidden source of human passion, to the surface. The ego — formed to negotiate the id's interactions with reality — and the superego — the critical, moralistic part of the mind — remain in constant conflict with the id's demands.
Although the concept of the unconscious was not Freud's own invention, he brought it into popular awareness and pioneered its use in treating mental conditions. This groundbreaking volume constitutes one of the Viennese physician's most insightful works on the topic. In addition to positing the balancing act between the id, ego, and superego, Freud further explores the concepts of the life force and the death force, and the anxieties driven by fear, morality, and guilt.
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aggressive ambivalence analysis analytic anxiety arises attitude become conscious bisexuality capable of becoming castration cathectic cathexes cathexis character classes of instincts Collected Papers conception conflicts cortical homunculus danger death-instincts defusion derived described desexualization differentiation discharge discuss dynamic ego-ideal or super-ego ego’s Eros external world fact factors father fear of conscience fear of death Groddeck Group Psychology hate homosexuality hypnosis id’s ideas identification important impulses instance instinct of destruction intensity internal perception kind later libidinal libido means melancholia memory-residues mind moral mother narcissism narcissistic neurotic object object-cathexis object-choice object-relation obsessional neurosis Oedipus complex outcome painful patient’s Pcpt-Cs perceived phylogenetic Pleasure Principle pleasure-principle possible preconscious problem psycho-analysis question reaction-formation regarded relation remain unconscious repressed resistance sadism scious sensations sense of guilt sexual instinct social feelings sublimation system Pcpt takes place tence things tion transformation trends Ucs sense uncon unconscious sense undetermined element verbal images vicissitudes