Concepts and Choices: A Writer's Companion and Personal Advisor
Concepts and Choices is a new approach to teaching writing, one that incorporates recognized concepts and techniques with some neglected ones and some entirely new ones. The assumption is made that extensive practice without attending to such concepts provides nothing more for students than the opportunity for frequent repetition of error. Therefore, this book calls for smaller, manageable units of instruction. In addition, the so-called "process" model of writing used extensively by teachers today has emphasized the "discovery" of arguments (neglecting almost entirely descriptive/narrative writing) at the expense of more important elements, including the quality of content. Writing is a complex activity that cannot be reduced to an analogy in which it is compared to an assembly line at a factory. Good writing indeed requires a rigorous apprenticeship, one that goes beyond a few hours a day in a classroom. This book attempts to provide a guide to good writing.
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The Great Divide Oral and Written Discourse
Purposes and Methods Modes of Written Communication
The Modes Patterns of Experience Patterns of Thought
Persuasion or Assertion Whats It All About?
To err is human Informal Logic and the Evaluation of Sources
Something Old Something New Patterns in Grammar
Style and Substance Sentence Reformulation
Paragraphing Mechanics and Art
The Length and the Width Larger Forms
A New World A Matter of Discovery
Nexus Imitation and Creativity
NOTES ON TEACHING WRITING
THE SOURCES OF MODERN ENGLISH
abstract analogy analysis appeal to authority Appeal to Pity argument assertion assumptions attempt beginning writers called categorical syllogism comparison concepts confused connotations course culture deductive reasoning Definition description and narration dialogue Disjunctive Syllogism elements emotional appeals English epideictic essay ethical appeal evaluation evidence example EXERCISES Group Discussion experience exposition expository paragraph expository writing Ezra Pound fallacies figurative language formal forms human idea imitation In-Class Assignment inductive Informal Logic jazz kind legitimate Litotes logical logical fallacies material means Metaphor method Middle English modes narrative necessary noun opinion oral language paper particular perhaps person persuasion phrases piece of writing point-of-focus presented rational appeal reader reading refers reformulation revision Sceafing social sometimes sources special audience specific speech structure SUGGESTED EXERCISES Group syllogism T.H. Huxley teachers teaching term textbooks things topic sentence truth Unit usually verb words Writing Assignment writing instruction written language
Page 21 - Well, if we were talking science instead of common sense, we should call that an experimental verification. And, if still opposed, you go further, and say, "I have heard from the people in Somersetshire and Devonshire, where a large number of apples are grown, that they have observed the same thing. It is also found to be the case in Normandy, and in North America. In short, I find it to be the universal experience of mankind wherever attention has been directed to the subject.
Page 19 - There is no more difference, but there is just the same kind of difference, between the mental operations of a man of science and those of an ordinary person, as there is between the operations and methods of a baker or of a butcher weighing out his goods in common scales, and the operations of a chemist in performing a difficult and complex analysis by means of his balance and finely-graduated weights.
Page 21 - I find that all hard and green apples are sour!" Your friend says to you, "But how do you know that?" You at once reply, "Oh, because I have tried them over and over again, and have always found them to be so.
Page 19 - ... up hypotheses and theories. And it is imagined by many that the operations of the common mind can be by no means compared with these processes and that they have to be acquired by a sort of special apprenticeship to the craft. To hear all these large words you would think that the mind of a man of science must be constituted differently from that of his fellow men; but if you will not be frightened by terms, you will discover that you are quite wrong and that all these terrible apparatus are...