Athena Unbound: The Advancement of Women in Science and Technology
Cambridge University Press, Oct 19, 2000 - Business & Economics - 282 pages
Why are there still so few female scientists? Despite the scientific ethos of universalism and inclusion, women continue to experience real social inequities as they struggle to gain recognition in the scientific community. Based on extensive interviews and backed by quantitative analysis, this compelling work exposes the hidden barriers, subtle exclusions, and unwritten rules that confront women at every juncture along the scientific career path--from childhood to retirement. Through vivid personal accounts the authors offer an illuminating and sobering view of the effects these obstacles have on the personal and professional lives of women. They argue that women can succeed in the scientific workplace by successfully managing "social capital," those networks and relationships scientists rely on for professional support and new ideas. This benchmark volume is vital reading for all scientists and social scientists--both male and female--and for women considering a scientific career.
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Women in science Why so few?
The science career pipeline
Women and science Athena Bound
Gender sex and science
Critical transitions in the graduate and postgraduate career path
Womens and mens graduate experience in science
The paradox of critical mass for women in science
Differences between women in science
Social capital and faculty network relationships
Negative and positive departmental cultures
Initiatives for departmental change
Athena Unbound Policy for women in science
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ability academic science achievement affirmative action attainment Barbara McClintock barriers become behavior biology boys chemistry colleagues competitive contacts creates critical mass cultural departmental Despite effects encouraged environment exclusion expected experience feel female faculty member female graduate student female scientists female students gender roles girls graduate school human capital identified important increase individual institutions interaction interviews isolation issues kula ring laboratory lack Lise Meitner male advisors male and female male faculty members male peers mathematics mentors needs negative number of women ordered logit organization Ph.D pipeline Podolny positions problems professional professor programs relationships reported research groups response role models Rosalind Franklin science and engineering scientific careers social capital social networks strategies strong structure success tenure traditional typically undergraduate woman women faculty members women in science women scientists women students women's participation young women