A grammar of the Welsh language

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W. Morris, 1853 - Welsh language - 203 pages
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Page 6 - The principle of Literal Mutation, as a regular system, is peculiar to the Welsh ; though the effect of such an aptitude in some of the letters to change their sounds, is seen to pervade all languages. But it regulates some of the primary forms of construction in this tongue, as well with respect to syntax as to the composition of words.
Page 28 - ... caseg, y gaseg ; such words are infallibly of the feminine gender ; but if the initial consonant change not thereupon, we may justly conclude such words to be of the masculine gender; as, brethyn, y brethyn; march, y march.
Page 24 - A name has three genders; masculine, feminine, and common. are classed as neuter in English, are considered either as masculine or feminine in our language ; and this is done by conceiving their properties to bear some resemblance to the qualities that are characteristic of sex in animated beings.
Page 144 - ... Infinitive when the object is different ; as, " I wish to go ;" " I wish him to go." Note V. — Many verbs are never followed by the Infinitive without the Accusative, except in the passive voice ; as, " I advised him to do it ;" but passively,
Page 30 - Gender lose that characteristic when they take the plural form, or have any of the terminations, by which they become derivative; and by losing such a characteristic they retain the form under which they denote the masculine gender.
Page 125 - Ib. i. 34. 1089. When pronouns of different persons, or pronouns and substantives, are coupled together by copulative conjunctions, the verb, if following, will be in the plural number, and refer to the nominative of the most worthy person.
Page 25 - Thus the Masculine Gender is given to Substantives, which are conspicuous for the attributes of energy ; and of acting upon, and communicating to others. To such Substantives as seem to denote tbe passive attributes of bearing, containing, or bringing forth, we give the feminine gender.
Page 54 - In order to obtain a clear knowledge of the Welsh verbs, it is requisite to direct the attention of the student to the following primitive ones ; because they are the basis upon which the formation of all other Verbs depend, through their various inflections. Or, strictly speaking, what appears as the inflections are identified, on due examination, to be these Primitive Verbs affixed to nouns, so as to form a verbal characteristic, in the different moods and tenses.
Page 162 - The clauses of a complex sentence are either prtntipal or secondary. The principal clause is that which contains the leading proposition ; and it must express a complete idea, even when separated from the rest of the sentence.
Page 5 - A vowel is a letter, that can be sounded alone, as a, e, o ; which are pure vowels, i and u are vowels, or have the power of diphthongs, w and y are vowels, or consonants. A diphthong is the union of two vowels in the same syllable, both of which are sounded, as oil. (See page 16th.) A digraph is the union of two vowels in the same syllable, only one of which is sounded, as bread. (See page 16th.) A.

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