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absolute sovereignty appeal Authoritative democracy authority citizen command conception Congress Consti constitution of France contrary DAVID JAYNE HILL decision declare defense despotism dividual divine doctrine doubt Dred Scott decision duty embodied equal laws ernment essential exer exercise existence fact Federal Constitution force form of government foundation freely French Revolution fundamental law herent rights human idea imperial inalienable inherent rights interests James Iredell judiciary king lative law-maker legibus solutus limits Machiavelli majority ment merely mind mocracy monarchy moral mutual obligation nation nature obedience obey oligarchy omnipotence Parliament political possess preter prince principle of mutual principles of justice progress public opinion question reason recognized regarded rendered Republic respect revolution rights and liberties ruler sense slavery social society source of law sover sovereign stitution superior supremacy Supreme Court supreme power theory thority tion true tution uncon United unlimited void void laws volition whole
Page 186 - ... decisions of the Supreme Court, the instant they are made in ordinary litigation between parties in personal actions the people will have ceased to be their own rulers, having to that extent practically resigned their Government into the hands of that eminent tribunal. Nor is there in this view any assault upon the court or the judges.
Page 174 - From the protection of different and unequal faculties of acquiring property, the possession of different degrees and kinds of property immediately results ; and from the influence of these on the sentiments and views of the respective proprietors, ensues a division of the society into different interests and parties.
Page 174 - A landed interest, a manufacturing interest, a mercantile interest, a moneyed interest, with many lesser interests, grow up of necessity in civilized nations and divide them into different classes, actuated by different sentiments and views. The regulation of these various and interfering interests forms the principal task of modern legislation and involves the spirit of party and faction in the necessary and ordinary operations of the government.
Page 257 - The question, whether a law be void for its repugnancy to the constitution, is, at all times, a question of much delicacy, which ought seldom, if ever, to be decided in the affirmative in a doubtful case.
Page 176 - Wherever the real power in a Government lies, there is the danger of oppression. In our Governments the real power lies in the majority of the community, and the invasion of private rights is chiefly to be apprehended, not from acts of Government contrary to the sense of its constituents, but from acts in which the Government is the mere instrument of the major number of the constituents.
Page 254 - I take it to be a clear position; that if a legislative act oppugns a constitutional principle, the former must give way, and be rejected on the score of repugnance. I hold it to be a position equally clear and sound, that, in such case, it will be the duty of the court to adhere to the Constitution, and to declare the act null and void.
Page 185 - If I were in Congress, and a vote should come up on a question whether slavery should be prohibited in a new Territory, in spite of the Dred Scott decision, I would vote that it should.
Page 177 - Wherever there is an interest and power to do wrong, wrong will generally be done, and not less readily by a powerful and interested party than by a powerful and interested prince.
Page 225 - I venture the suggestion that this legislation should provide for the retention of party conventions, but only for the purpose of declaring and accepting the verdict of the primaries and formulating the platforms of the parties ; and I suggest that these conventions should consist not of delegates chosen for this single purpose, but of the nominees for Congress, the nominees for vacant seats in the Senate of the United States, the Senators whose terms have not yet closed, the national committees,...
Page 256 - Certainly all those who have framed written constitutions contemplate them as forming the fundamental and paramount law of the nation, and consequently the theory of every such government must be, that an act of the legislature repugnant to the Constitution is void.