An Account of the Present State of the Island of Puerto Rico: Comprising Numerous Original Facts and Documents Illustrative of the State of Commerce and Agriculture, and of the Condition, Moral and Physical, of the Various Classes of the Population in that Island, as Compared with the Colonies of Other European Powers; Demonstrating the Superiority of the Spanish Slave Code,--the Great Advantages of Free Over Slave Labour, &c
Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green and Longman, 1834 - African Americans - 392 pages
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acres advantages agriculture Aguadilla amount British calculation capital captain-general cattle cent climate coffee commerce confined consequence convicts crime Cuba and Puerto cultivation custom-house dollars duties effects employed England established estates Europe European expense exported favour feel fertile foreign free labour galleys greater Guadaloupe Guayama honour houses human immense importance increase India Indies industry inhabitants island of Cuba island of Puerto Jamaica land laws manufactures marriage Martinique Mayagues ment military moral mother country mulattoes nations nature negroes observed offences Peninsula period persons plantains planters population port present presidio prison discipline produce proprietors Puerto Rico punishment quintals respect revenue revolution riches roads royal slave labour slavery slaves society soil soldier South America south coast Spain Spanish colonies Spanish monarchy sugar cane tion tivated towns trade trees tropical valleys Venezuela vessels West India islands whole
Page 316 - In the first of these, the reformation of criminals, little has ever been effected, and little, I fear, is practicable. From every species of punishment that has hitherto been devised, from imprisonment and exile, from pain and infamy, malefactors return more hardened in their crimes, and more instructed.
Page 25 - Some of these are navigable 2 or 3 leagues from their mouths for schooners and small coasting vessels. Those of Manati, Loisa, Trabajo, and Arecibo are very deep and broad, and it is difficult to imagine how such large bodies of water can be collected in so short a course. Owing to the heavy surf which continually breaks on the north coast, these rivers have bars across their embouchures which do not allow large vessels to enter. The rivers of Bayamo and Rio Piedras flow into the harbor of the capital,...
Page 324 - If he have no tiade, or one that cannot be pursued in his cell, he is allowed to choose one that can, and he is instructed by one of the overseers, all of whom are master workmen in the trades they respectively superintend and teach.
Page 49 - The clouds exhibit a menacing appearance, portending the approach of the heavy autumnal rains, which pour down like a deluge. About the middle of September it appears as if all the vapors of the ocean had accumulated in one point of the heavens. The rain comes down like an immense quantity of water poured through a sieve; it excludes from the view every surrounding object, and in half an hour the whole surface of the earth becomes an immense sheet of water.
Page 52 - ... descends back to the plains on both sides of the ridge. Hence a nightwind is felt in all the mountainous countries under the torrid zone, blowing on all sides from the land towards the shore, so that on a north shore the wind shall come from the south, and on the south shore from the north. Agreeably to this hypothesis, it is pbservable that in the islands to windward, where they have no mountains, they have no land-breeze.
Page 80 - God save all here," which was courteously answered by the man of the house, who seemed to be about forty years of age. He was dressed in a check shirt and wide linen drawers. He was coiled up in a hammock of such small dimensions, that his body was actually doubled in two ; one foot rested on the ground, with which he propelled the hammock to and fro ; and at intervals with his great toe he turned a large sweet potato, which was roasting on a few embers, placed on a flag on the ground close to him,...
Page 318 - By a rule of life, which is perhaps too invariably and indiscriminately adhered to, no one will receive a man or woman out of a jail, into any service or employment whatever. This is the common misfortune of public punishments, that they preclude the offender from all honest means of future support...
Page 329 - ... occasion to leave his place, there is a token provided for each shop, or for a given number of men, so that from this shop or number only one convict can leave his place at a time. The consequence is, that with the exception of those who have the tokens in their hands, any officer of the institution may be certain of finding, during the hours of labour...
Page 329 - ... under their respective officers, from the shops to the cells. On their way to the cells they pass the cookery, where the food, having been made ready, is handed to them as they pass along; and at the end of about twelve minutes, from the time of ringing the bell for breakfast, all the convicts are in their cells eating their breakfasts, silently and alone.