Figural Conquistadors: Rewriting the New World's Discovery and Conquest in Mexican and River Plate Novels of the 1980s and 1990s
This study explores the role of historical and fictionalized figures from the New World historiographically in eight novels (both New Historical and traditional historical) published in Mexico and the River Plate during the 1980s and 1990s. It pays particular attention to the fundamental role of fictional autobiographies and testimonials in reqriting historiographical discourses about the discovery and conquest and their relationship to contemporary politics and issues of national and cultural identity in Latin America. The writers and novels include Argentina's Antonio Elio Brailovsky (Esta maldita lujuria) and Abel Posse (El largo atardecer del caminante); Mexico's Eugenio Aguirre (Gonzalo Guerrero), Armando Roa Bastos (Vigilia del Almirante), and Uruguay's Napoleon Baccino Ponce de Leon (Maluco: la novella de los descubridores). This study shows how these novelists use major and marginal figures to reflect upon the ways that institutional powers have invokes episodes from the discovery and conquest to explain and legitimate the present. They also revisit this period to critique the recent historical past, especially in the case of Uruguay and Argentina, which endured military dictatorships in the 1970s and 1980s.
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Abel Posse Alejo Carpentier American novels Amerindian Antonio Argentina argues arpa atardecer del caminante autobiography aztecas Baccino black legend Brailovsky Buenos Aires buffoon Cabeza de Vaca Cartas de relation chapter Ciudad Colum Columbus's conquest of Mexico conquista conquistadors contemporary conventions Cortes's critical crónicas Diario maldito discourses discovery and conquest Don Quixote editor entenado episodes expedition fictional Cabeza fictional Columbus fictional Cortes Gonzalo Guerrero Guzmania historical Columbus historical novel historiography Ibid Indies indigenous populations José Juan Juan José Saer Juanillo La Malinche Lara Lara's largo atardecer Latin American literature literary Lope de Aguirre Magellan's maldita lujuria Malinche Maluco Memorias mestizaje Mexico City modern-day narrative narrator Naufragios novelists Nueva Nuño Nuno de Guzman official historiography official history PhD diss puertas del mundo re-creates reader relaciones retelling Revista rewriting River Plate Roa Bastos sexual sixteenth century sombra Spain Spaniards Spanish American Spanish chronicles story texts twentieth-century University Vaca's Vigilia del Almirante voyage writings