Canada's Residential Schools: The Legacy: The Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, Volume 5
McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, Jan 1, 2016 - Social Science - 391 pages
Between 1867 and 2000, the Canadian government sent over 150,000 Aboriginal children to residential schools across the country. Government officials and missionaries agreed that in order to “civilize and Christianize” Aboriginal children, it was necessary to separate them from their parents and their home communities. For children, life in these schools was lonely and alien. Discipline was harsh, and daily life was highly regimented. Aboriginal languages and cultures were denigrated and suppressed. Education and technical training too often gave way to the drudgery of doing the chores necessary to make the schools self-sustaining. Child neglect was institutionalized, and the lack of supervision created situations where students were prey to sexual and physical abusers. Legal action by the schools’ former students led to the creation of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada in 2008. The product of over six years of research, the Commission’s final report outlines the history and legacy of the schools, and charts a pathway towards reconciliation. Canada’s Residential Schools: The Legacy describes what Canada must do to overcome the schools’ tragic legacy and move towards reconciliation with the country’s first peoples. For over 125 years Aboriginal children suffered abuse and neglect in residential schools run by the Canadian government and by churches. They were taken from their families and communities and confined in large, frightening institutions where they were cut off from their culture and punished for speaking their own language. Infectious diseases claimed the lives of many students and those who survived lived in harsh and alienating conditions. There was little compassion and little education in most of Canada’s residential schools. Although Canada has formally apologized for the residential school system and has compensated its Survivors, the damaging legacy of the schools continues to this day. This volume examines the long shadow that the residential schools have cast over the lives of Aboriginal Canadians who are more likely to live in poverty, more likely to be in ill health and die sooner, more likely to have their children taken from them, and more likely to be imprisoned than other Canadians. The disappearance of many Indigenous languages and the erosion of cultural traditions and languages also have their roots in residential schools.
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Aboriginal Affairs Aboriginal children Aboriginal communities Aboriginal Healing Foundation Aboriginal Health Aboriginal languages Aboriginal offenders Aboriginal women Aboriginal youth Affairs and Northern Annual Report Archives Canada British Columbia Canada Attorney Canadian CanLII Centre Child and Family child welfare child welfare system Commission of Canada Commission on Aboriginal Committee on Aboriginal Court crime Criminal Justice culturally appropriate Department of Indian ensure Family Services fasd federal government funding Government of Canada Health Canada Human Rights Indian Act Indian Affairs Indian Residential Schools intergenerational Inuit language justice system language and culture legacy of residential Library and Archives Manitoba Nations Education Northern Development Canada Northwest Territories Nunavik Nunavut Ontario Ottawa parents programs provincial rates rcmp Reconciliation Commission residential school Survivors Rights of Indigenous Saskatchewan sentence sexual abuse social Standing Senate Committee Statement Number Statistics Canada tion Treaty Truth and Reconciliation United Nations United Nations Declaration victims violence