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Plates I a b d II a C d III a b IV b
Rare and Local Species 12Variant Forms
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abundant acidic soils appear areas bark bedrock beech Betula birds bloom bogs Cape Cod cedar Chamaecyparis thyoides chestnut chestnut oak climate clubmoss coastal color plate common conifers Connecticut dogwood drier easily recognized ecological England fern fire flood plains flowers frog fruit gray ground grow habitats hemlock herbaceous herbaceous plants hickory hilltop identified insect lady's slipper land layer leaf leaflets leaves low slope community mammals marshes Massachusetts mesophytic meters midslope mixed mesophytic community moist mountain laurel native northern oak forest occasionally occur old field pitch pine poison ivy Poison sumac probably Quercus range rare reaching red maple region rock ravines sand plain community seeds shade shrub shrub swamp Similar species snake snow southern New England squirrels stems subshrub sumac summer temperature tion turtle understory usually Variant forms vegetation Viburnum virginiana wet meadows wetland white pine winter wooded swamps woodland yellow