An introduction to botany, in a series of familiar letters

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1807
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Page 12 - The blossom, petals, or corolla is that beautiful coloured part of a flower which first attracts attention, and is regarded by common eyes as the flower itself; but botanists, more strict in their definitions, appropriate that term to the composition of the whole of the fructification, of which the corolla is only a part. The stamens or chives are composed of two parts, one long and thin, by which they are fastened to the bottom of the corolla, called the filament ; the other thicker, placed at the...
Page 30 - ... the known vegetable productions, upon the surface of the globe, have been reduced by naturalists to Classes, Orders, Genera, Species, and Varieties. The classes are composed of orders ; the orders of genera ; the genera of species; and the species of varieties. We may attain a clearer idea of them, by comparing them with the general divisions of the inhabitants of the earth. Vegetables resemble Man ; .Classes, nations of men ; Orders, tribes, or divisions of nations ; Genera, the families that...
Page 27 - Linneus was a native of Sweden, and the son of an obscure Clergyman in that country. His father was a great admirer of the vegetable productions of nature, and adorned the environs of his rural mansion with the natural produce of the neighbouring fields. Young Linneus caught...
Page 9 - Muscipula there is a still more wonderful contrivance to prevent the depredations of insects: The leaves are armed with long teeth, like the antennae of insects, and lie spread upon the ground round the stem; and are so irritable, that when an insect creeps upon them, they fold up, and crush or pierce it to death.
Page iv - ... institutions, and cheap and elementary publications on botany, rendered in some degree available to all; and thus, while the boundaries of human knowledge have been enlarged, and the sources of our rational enjoyments increased, these have been the means of instilling into the minds of thousands, more suitable ideas of the attributes of the Divine being, by exemplifying them in the order and harmony of the visible creation...
Page 36 - Botanists have agreed to call compound. The essential character of a compound flower consists in the anthers being united, so as to form a cylinder, and a single seed, being placed upon the receptacle, under each floret.
Page 42 - The situation is reversed in the fourth order — Polygamia Necessaria; for the florets in the disk, though apparently perfect, are not really so, and therefore produce no perfect seed ; but the...
Page vi - May it become a substitute for some of the trifling, not to say pernicious, objects that too frequently occupy the leisure of young ladies of fashionable manners, and by employing their faculties rationally, act as an antidote to levity and idleness.
Page 48 - Irtllc thought, that every single blade of these apparently insignificant plants, as we have been accustomed to consider them, bears a distinct flower, perfect in all its parts ; nay, more complete than the fragrant Lily or the gaudy Tulip, and only requires to be nicely viewed to excite our value and admiration. This humble tribe is extremely numerous, and, like modest merit in other situations, of most extensive utility.
Page 45 - The stem is straight and jointed, and the leaves grow in tchorli, or circles round the joints ; at the base of each leaf is a flower, so that the number of flowers and leaves is equal. Its season of flowering is the month of May.

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