Tales of Literacy for the 21st Century: The Literary Agenda
The Literary Agenda is a series of short polemical monographs about the importance of literature and of reading in the wider world and about the state of literary education inside schools and universities. The category of 'the literary' has always been contentious. What is clear, however, is how increasingly it is dismissed or is unrecognised as a way of thinking or an arena for thought. It is sceptically challenged from within, for example, by the sometimes rival claims of cultural history, contextualized explanation, or media studies. It is shaken from without by even greater pressures: by economic exigency and the severe social attitudes that can follow from it; by technological change that may leave the traditional forms of serious human communication looking merely antiquated. For just these reasons this is the right time for renewal, to start reinvigorated work into the meaning and value of literary reading. Being Literate in the 21st Century wrestles with critical, timely questions for 21st-century society. How does literacy change the human brain? What does it mean to be a literate or a non-literate person in the present digital culture: for example, what will be lost in the present reading brain, and what will be gained with different mediums than print? What are the consequences of a digital reading brain for the literary mind and for writing itself ? Can knowledge about the reading brain and advances in technology offer new forms of literacy and new forms of knowledge to the peoples in remote regions of the world who would never otherwise become literate? By using both research from cognitive neuroscience, psycholinguistics, child development, and education, and considering literary examples from world literature, Maryanne Wolf plots a course that seeks to preserve the deepest forms of reading from the past, while developing the cognitive skills necessary for this century's next generation.
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ability activated adults alphabet apps areas aspects background knowledge basic bear beginning capacities cells chapter child circuitry cognitive neuroscience colleagues complex concepts connected context contributions critical culture Cynthia Breazeal decoding Dedre Gentner deep reading processes Dehaene deployments described developmental Diotima’s dyslexia English example exposure forms functions George Eliot goal grapheme Hangul Hereafter cited human images important input insight involved Kuperberg learn to read letters linguistic literature lobes Maryanne Wolf meaning milliseconds morphemes multiple networks neural neuronal neuroscientists never nonliterate children particular perspective Philip Davis phonemes phonological Plato predictions Ray Jackendoff reader reading brain reading brain circuit reading circuit regions relationships represents semantic sentence skills sound Stanislas Dehaene Stephanie Gottwald story structure syllables syntactic syntax tablets teacher temporal thought understanding visual cortex vocabulary Walter Benjamin Wonchi word’s words writing system written language York young children