The Greek Cities of Magna Graecia and Sicily
After colonizing the Aegean islands and the coast of Asia Minor, the ancient Greeks turned toward southern Italy and Sicily, driven by the unrest that troubled their homeland in the eighth and seventh centuries B.C. The new arrivals brought with them their language, as well as their cultural and religious traditions and the institution of the polis. In Italy they created an autonomous political community that eventually surpassed the cities of Greece in wealth, military power, and architectural and cultural splendor. Such forefathers of Western philosophy as Pythagoras, Parmenides, and Archimedes lived and worked within this civilization.
The Greek Cities of Magna Graecia and Sicily presents an overview of Greek colonization in Italy and the principal historical events that took place in this area from the Archaic period until the ascendancy of the Romans. This comprehensive survey is followed by a review of the major archaeological sites in the region.
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acropolis Agathokles agora Agrigento altar ancient apoikia Apollo Archaic period architectural terracottas Athena built Carthaginians cella city walls colonists colonnade colony columns cult Cumae dating decorated dedicated deity Dionysios Doric Doric order east eighth century B.C. excavations facade fifth century B.C. fortifications foundation fourth century B.C. gate Gela goddess Greek city Hellenistic period Hera Herakleia Hieron hill Himera houses inhabited area Italiote League Kroton Leontinoi located Lokroi Lucanians Megara Megara Hyblaia Metapontion metopes monumental Morgantina Naples National Archaeological Museum Naxos necropolis occupied peristasis phase plain plateia Policoro political portico Poseidonia probably pronaos quarter Regional Archaeological Museum river road Roman sacred area sacred building sanctuary second half sector Selinunte seventh century B.C. Sicels Sicily side Siris sixth slope southern square Sybaris Syracuse Taranto temenos temple terrace terracotta territory theater third century B.C. Thurii tion tombs tury B.C. tyrant votive Zankle Zeus