A legal and political interpretation of articles 224 and 225 of the Treaty of Rome: the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia cases
Dartmouth Publishing Company, 1997 - Political Science - 146 pages
Article 224 is one of the most powerful Articles of the Treaty of Rome, allowing a member state to take unilateral measures and to suspend some or all its Treaty-based obligations in times of what can loosely be described as serious internal turmoil or external threat. It is for this reason that the very next Article of the Treaty, Article 225, allows the Commission or a member state of challenge the invocation of Art.224, before the European Court of Justice (ECJ), on grounds of improper use. In practice, the use of Art.224 by a member state presents multiple problems.
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Article 224 of the Treaty of Rome and the Court
Commission v Hellenic Republic cases
The Legal Interpretation of Articles 224 and 225
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activist Advocate General Jacobs application of Article Article 224 assess authentic interpretation Campus Oil CFSP Chapter clause CMLR Commission's Common Market concerned consultation procedure Court of Justice decision dispute EC law ECJ Judges ECJ's EU's Europe European Community European Union Eurosceptics force majeure foreign policy FYROM Greece Greece's Greek embargo Greek government Hellenic Republic Ibid imposition indicated interim measures internal turmoil interpretation of Article introduced by Article Johnston judgement judicial activism judicial restraint judicial review justify legal minimalism measures in question measures taken member state involved member state's misuse of Article nation-state national measures national security obligations op.cit Opinion of Advocate policy areas political preliminary ruling proceedings proportionality relevant Republic of Macedonia Richardt Salgoil scope of Article security and defence serious internal disturbances situation Skopje Smit and Herzog sovereignty suitability text of Article threat tion trade Treaty Articles Treaty of Rome Ugliola unilateral measures Vergina