The Works of Nathaniel Lardner, Volume 4

Front Cover
T. Bensley, 1815 - Dissenters, Religious
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Contents

Pliny the Younger and Trajan
43
CHAPTER XII
50
The Emperor Adrian
51
Phlegon Thallus and Dionysius the Areopagite
58
The Emperor Titus Antoninus the Pious
68
Apuleius of Madaura in Africa
107
Lucian of Samosata
149
lius Aristides the Sophist and Dion Chrysostom
156
Conclusion of the second century
162
Diogenes Laertius
175
The persecution of Maximin the First or the Thracian
186
The Emperor Decius 249 19 1
191
The Emperor Gallus 25l
193
er e
194
Amelius 263
200
Longinus 264
202
Numenius 270
205
The Emperor Aurelian
207
Porphyry
209
Six writers of the Augustan histor 306 950
252
235
269
An Appendix to Chap XXXIX
271
11
278
as they are said to have been
292
XHL lioclesians persecution of the Christians 303313 275
295
43
300
Chalcidius 325
306
Alexander of Lycopolis in Egypt 350
307
Praxagoras
309
Bemarchius 810
310
58
311
The Emperor Julian 361
325
68
336
78
349
XLVIIH Themistius 364
364
Eutronius 370
370
Ammianus Marcellinus 380 S71 JLII Vegetius 396
371
95
380
Claudian 394
389
Macrobius 400 892
392
JLVI Rutilius 418
396
Zosimus 425
399
114
400
LIX Hierocles of Alexandria 450
416
Proclus 464
417
Marinus 485
419
Damascius r 540
422
Simplicius 550
427
15
429
A review of the Jewish and Heathen testimonies in the several volumes of this work
430
spict PA Imperial laws concerning Gentile people and their worship
435
A Consultation and Divination of heathen people in the time of Valens about the year 373
445
The Petition of the Roman senate to Valentinian the younger in the year 884 that the Altar of Victory which had been removed by Gratian be restor...
454
The Correspondence between Maximus of Madaura and Augustine in the year 390
466
The demolition of the temple of Serapis at Alexandria and other temples in Egypt and some temples elsewhere in the year 391
469
A pretended Heathen racle in the year 398 foretelling the period of the Christian religion
476
An image of Hercules destroyed by the Christians at Suffecta in Africa in the year 399
477
A disturbance at Calama in Numidia in the year 408
478
The overthrow of Rhadagaisus a Gothic Prince in the year 405
479
Rome besieged taken and sacked by Alaric the Goth in the year 410
481
The Correspondence between Augustine and Volusian in the year 412
483
137
486
The Correspondence between the people of Madaura and Augustine time uncertain
489
The Correspondence between Augustine and 1 9nginian time uncertain
491
Observations of Orosius and Augustine upon the treatment given to the Gentiles by Christian magistrates
493
Concluding observations upon the state of Gentilism under Christian emperors
494
H IS To R Y O F H E R ET I C S BOOK THE FIRST General Observations concerning Heretics sect race 1 The meaning of the word IIeresy
505
It is difficult to define what is Heresy or who is an Heretic
506
139
507
Of the causes of Heresies
508
Many mistakes in the writings of those who have published the History of Heresies accounted for
509
The number of Heresies hath been augmented without sufficient reason
510
Most Heresies of the two first centuries may be reduced to two kinds
511
Heretics have been often treated with great acrimony
512
towards those who differed from them
530
Pernicious consequences supposed to arise from some of their doctrines were charged upon them though they did not admit them
531
BOOK THE SECOND THE HISTORY OF PARTICULAR HERETICS CHA PTER I
533
Of his time
534
The account of him as given by Irenaeus and other ancient authors
535
An examination of several of the opinions attributed to him
536
37
537
His opinions concerning the person of Christ 5 08
540
O He is said to have partaken of things offered to idols and to have denied the necessity or reason ableness of suffering martyrdom 54 l
541
He believed that the f would be saved ib 12 He is falsely accused of believing that actions are indifferent in their own nature
542
A probable account of the foundation of this charge
543
He is also accused of using magic and incantations
544
Q the meaning of Caulacau and his definition of faith and hope
545
Of the name Abraxas which he is said to have given to the prince of the heavens ib VOL IV C
553
Some account of Carpocrates and Epiphanes from Clement of Alexandria and other ancient authors
557
And of practising the grossest impurities in their assemblies 361
563
Of the account of him from Clemens Alexandrinus
571
They are accused of believing the uselessness of prayer
573
From the arguments used against them by Clement it appears that they respected Christ and the scriptures t They are accused of denying the nec...
574
The account of these people from Epiphanius and Austin 2 Considerations tending to prove there never were such heretics
575
An objection taken from the practice of the Gnostics and answers 4 An objection taken from Theodorets assertion that Prodicus instituted the sect ...
576
Of his time his country and the sect from which he sprang
577
He is accused of being a magician
578
He is said to have had an assisting daimon and to have used various arts of deceiving 4 Some observations upon these accusations 5 The Marcosi...
579
They are unjustly accused of holding two principles and being Docetae 7 They continued in the practice of Baptism and the Eucharist 8 Of their ...
580
They believed the facts recorded in the gospels
581
They received the scriptures both of the Old and New Testament 12 Aparticular enumeration of the books of the New Testament used by them 1...
582
Ancient writers who speak of him and of the time when he lived 2 He was a follower of with whose opinions his sentiments nearly corresponded ...
583
received
588
t + p a r m
590
The story of his deceiving a young woman doubtful 59 l
591
Several observations tending to show its incredibility ib 6 Some reason to suspect it was the invention of Epiphanius 54 3
593
He had a great number of followers
594
Of his opinions and the number of principles which he held ib 14 His notion of the Creator and the world formed by him and the God superior to...
595
The good God was the maker of beings spiritual and invisible
597
The Marcionites erroneous in dividing the Deity 59S 15 They were believers in a future judgment and in the necessity of human actions
598
They thought the soul but not the bodies of the virtuous would be happy in a future state 50
601
Tertullians arguments against this notion
602
Marcion believed there were to be two Christs 303
603
He allowed the truth of our Saviours miracles ib 23 And of his death 4
605
And resurrection jb C5 And of the principal facts related concerning him 5
606
They contemned marriage and highly extolled virginity ib 28 They fasted on the Sabbath
607
They had churches for stated public worship
608
Marcion wholly rejected the Old Testament ib 32 He also objected to the appointment of sacrifices
609
He mutilated the New Testaunent wherever it contained quotations from the Old ib 34 He framed antitheses to shew the opposition of the law to the ...
610
Marcion received but eleven books of the New Testament and of the gospels only that of St Luke and this mutilated 61 l
611
He also rejected the history of the temptation
612
An account of many other alterations inade by him in St Lukes gospel
616
Marcion rejected the Acts of the apostles
617
And received only ten epistles of St Paul and most of these altered
618
Of the alterations and omissions of Marcion in the epistle to the Galatians ib 44 In the first epistle to the Corinthians
619
In the second epistle to the Corinthians 62O 46 In the epistle to the Romans
620
In the first epistle to the Thessalonians 6 21
621
4 In the epistle to the Ephesians called by him the epistle to the Laodiceans
622
He probably did not much alter the epistle to the Colossians
623
Nor at all that to Philemon
624
CHAPTER X1 of LUCIAN or LEUCIUS I Some general account of him from ancient authors with observations thereon 25
625
Of his time 2 Of his opinions 3 He was an admirer of virginity and is said to have recanted his errors 4 What scriptures were received ...
627
Some observations on his notion about the souls of brutes and the resurrection of them
628
A belief in another kind of resurrection ascribed to him by Tertullian
629
of MARcio N AND His follow ERs 5
631
7
633
5
634
187
638
ib 577 578 ib 579 ib ib 580 ib ib 581 582 ib
642
Epiphaniuss account of the Sethians
648
He founded them on scripture and paid a regard to its authority
658
632
659
CHAPTER XVIII
664
634
667
From whence they derived their name and of the extent and continuance of their opinions
670
ib 585 586 1 Soune general account of liim from Irenaeus 2 Of the time in which he lived ib 587 588 b 589
678
Some observations on the assertion of Mr Jones that Leucius was a Manichec
680

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Page 8 - Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. This is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man which is preferred before me : for he was before me.
Page 232 - But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter, before them all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of the Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?
Page 201 - Nevertheless I tell you the truth: It is expedient for you that I go away; for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.
Page 5 - These words spake his parents, because they feared the Jews: for the Jews had agreed already, that if any man did confess that he was Christ, he should be put out of the synagogue.
Page 220 - And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people : and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time : and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.
Page 294 - As for such as turn aside unto their crooked ways, the LORD shall lead them forth with the workers of iniquity: but peace shall be upon Israel.
Page 125 - But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what ye shall speak ; for it shall be given you in that same hour what ye shall speak. For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you.
Page 132 - Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead?
Page 225 - Then Daniel answered and said before the king, Let thy gifts be to thyself, and give thy rewards to another ; yet I will read the writing unto the king, and make known to him the interpretation.
Page 501 - And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength. This is the first commandment. And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these.

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