Contagion: Perspectives from Pre-modern Societies
Lawrence I. Conrad, D. Wujastyk
Ashgate, 2000 - History - 224 pages
Contagion - even today the word conjures up fear of disease and plague and has the power to terrify. The nine essays gathered here examine what pre-modern societies thought about the spread of disease and how it could be controlled: to what extent were concepts familiar to modern epidemiology present? What does the pre-modern terminology tell us about the conceptions of those times? How did medical thought relate to religious and social beliefs? The contributors reveal the complexity of ideas on these subjects, from antiquity through to the early modern world, from China to India, the Middle East, and Europe. Particular topics include attitudes to leprosy in the Old Testament and the medieval West, conceptions of smallpox aetiology in China, witchcraft and sorcery as disease agents in ancient India, and the influence of classical Greek medical theory.
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aetiology afflicted ancient bejel Bible Biblical Leprosy body Caelius Caelius Aurelianus Caraka cause century chengyi bu quan China Chinese medicine chronic psoriasis Chu Ban commentary concept condition considered Constantine the African contagion context Dalhana demonic dharma discussion disorders Dou zhen edition evil example explain factors Galen graha Greek Gu jin Hippocratic History Huangdi neijing human humoral Ibn Qutayba Indian medicine infection Islamic juan kewu later Latin lepers lepra leprosy Leviticus Leviticus 13 liu qi maladies means medical texts medieval miasma Ming modern moral notions Numbers Nutton origin Paris passage person physical physicians plague pollution pre-modern psoriasis quan lu refers ritual sdra'at seasons Shang Wu Yin shi qi sick Siku quanshu skin lesions smallpox sufferer Suiruta Sun Simiao Taipei Taiwan Shang Wu term theory tion touch traditional Chinese medicine trans translation true leprosy unclean upasarga Vedic vitiligo word Wu Yin Shu Yin Shu Guan Zhang zhong