Dewatering Biosolids

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CRC Press, Jan 15, 1997 - Technology & Engineering - 276 pages
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FROM THE PREFACE
The processes used to remove water from biosolids and change their form from a liquid to a damp solid are critical to the operation of other downstream processes in wastewater treatment. An ideal dewatering operation would capture all of the biosolids solids at minimum cost and the resultant dry biosolids solids or cake would be capable of being handled without causing unnecessary problems. Process reliability, ease of operation, and compatibility with the treatment plant environment are also optimum.
This text is designed to provide a detailed look at several dewatering options. It must be pointed out, however, that this text takes a strong, biased view toward centrifugation as the dewatering process that is most reliable, maintenance free, cost effective, and capable of producing the highest quality end-product when compared to the other options in a holistic manner.
Therefore, the underlying theme of this text is wrapped around the premise that it is better to centrifuge it!
Having said this, it must also be pointed out that all major biosolids dewatering processes are discussed in this text, in detail. Several examples of actual operating systems are presented, and preventive maintenance and cost considerations are presented and discussed.
In recent years there has been a tendency in some technical texts like this one to focus on the theoretical and laboratory analyses of dewatering operations. While such research and documented findings can lead to improved understanding of the scientific and engineering concepts associated with dewatering biosolids, this text is presented in such a fashion so as to be user-friendly. It is an operator's text that can also afford the decision-maker the opportunity to make informed choices about selecting a dewatering system for his/her plant use.
Dewatering Biosolids will be of interest to people in all aspects of wastewater plant operation. Useful as a handbook for operators, this plain language text is also of importance to anyone considering altering or adapting their wastewater operating system.
 

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Contents

1NTRODUCT1ON
3
Objectives of Dewatering Biosolids
9
DEWATER1NG SELECT1ON CONS1DERAT1ONS
12
Biosolids Characteristics
15
GravityLow Pressure Dewatering
21
Drying Beds
33
Pressure Filtration
57
Vacuum Filtration
85
Belt Press Filtration
103
Centrifugation
121
CHEM1CALS USED FOR DEWATERlNG
219
Ferric Chloride
235
Polymer
243
Safety Considerations When
259
Cost Considerations
267
Copyright

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