Mobility in Space and Time: Challenges to the Theory of International Economics

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Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 27, 2001 - Business & Economics - 235 pages
The pure theory of international economics operates within a methodological framework of (static) equilibrium modelling. This sets a number of restrictions to its capability to explain empirical economic phenomena. A huge part of the scientific discourse takes place within this equilibrium framework. This is also true for new approaches like e.g. the New Economic Geography and models operating with market structures of oligopoly. This is why it is a courageous effort to try to cross the apparently unalterable borders set by equilibrium modelling. Most certainly this cannot be an end in itself. Especially the pure theory of international economics is still in many fields lacking adequate possibilities to deal with phenomena in space and time. These two dimensions have in common that they make the introduction of specific facets of movement, change, evolution - and therefore "mobility" - possible. Besides this "dynamic" component a point of view that includes space and time challenges us to find new possibilities to model heterogeneous agents. If these ideas are not so revolutionary in their content, the attempt to introduce them into a formal model is a big challenge. Moreover, it poses the question about the role of a theory of "international" economics in such a wider framework.
 

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Contents

Introduction aims and conceptions
1
A concept of mobility in space and time
13
Mobility in the 21st century some empirical observations
15
212 Information and organization
19
globalization regionalization and localization
20
23 Mobility and spatial patterns of development
23
Mobility in space and time structuring a complex phenomenon
25
32 Spatial patterns interaction and mobility structuring space by analyzing mobility
28
migratory biographies
91
924 Territorial decisionmakers in international economics
93
networks industrial districts and milieus
97
industrial districts and innovative milieus
108
933 Networks mobility and change
113
934 Networks an ethnic phenomenon?
124
94 Sociodynamics and stochastic approaches
126
942 Modelling innovative behaviour and change
137

33 Mobility agents and time sources of change and decisionmaking in time
31
34 Mobility in space and time a comprehensive framework
32
Mobility in the theory of international economics
37
General possibilities and restrictions of theoretical modelling
39
42 Dealing with space and time in economic theory
41
International flows of goods and factors traditional theory of international economics
49
New trade theory and multinational corporations
51
Nonlinear dynamics and selforganization New Economic Geography
55
72 Coreperiphery models and spatial dynamics
58
73 Cities and endogenous spatial structures
62
74 A critical point of view
65
75 Agglomeration cities and the service sector some basic considerations
68
Part C Future agenda towards a theory of mobility in space and time
71
Between old and new concepts
73
Economic agents capabilities and relationships in space and time
79
92 Interacting agents in a mobile society
83
922 Mobility and the option value of waiting
89
Geography culture organization and politics as determinants of distance
141
102 Historical organizational patterns and mobility
156
103 An interplay of cultural political and economic influences
161
1032 Borders markets and ties
164
Spaces of multinationalization
167
Novelty capabilities and heterogeneity of agents
171
A new understanding of a complex matter space and time
175
132 Mobility in space spaces of mobility
179
A formal model of mobility
181
Between given knowledge and new challenges
189
Conclusion
191
152 Achievements and open questions of the new approach
198
153 Empirical and theoretical research agenda
211
List of figures
215
List of tables
217
References
219
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