Addiction, Crime and Insurgency: The Transnational Threat of Afghan Opium
United Nations Publications, May 14, 2014 - Corruption - 152 pages
The publication shows the devastating consequences that the opium and heroin that are trafficked from Afghanistan every year have on the health and security of countries along the Balkan and Eurasian drug routes, of countries in Europe, and of China, India and the Russian Federation. It documents how the world's deadliest drug has created a market worth billions of dollars, catering to millions of addicts, causing thousands of deaths per year, spreading HIV at an unprecedented rate and, not least, funding criminal groups, insurgents and terrorists.
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COMMENTARY BYTHE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR
ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS
1 THE OPIATE TRADE
A transnational security threat
acetic anhydride Afghan heroin Afghan opiates Afghanistan Afghanistan opium survey Africa agency Al-Qaeda Asian average opium Balochistan Baluch cent Central Asia China corruption countries district drug trade drug trafficking Durrani Eastern estimated Europe Farah farmers FATA ﬂows Ghilzai global opiate groups heroin heroin consumption heroin flow Heroin seizures heroin trafficking heroin users Hilmand Hirat illicit income increased India insurgents Interview Islamic Republic Kabul Kandahar Kazakhstan law enforcement major million morphine Myanmar Nangarhar narcotics Nimroz Nimroz province Noorzai North Waziristan opiate opiate trade opium cultivation opium economy opium poppy cultivation opium production opium seizures organized crime Pakistan Paktya Pashtun poppy-free province Quetta region reportedly Republic of Iran Russian Federation seized seizure data smuggling Source South Spin Boldak stan Tajikistan Taliban tion tons of heroin tons of opium total opium trafficking routes Tribal Areas tribes Turkey Turkmenistan UNODC Uruzgan Uzbekistan Waziristan Zabul Zabul province